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g^aliitt's UtpxinU. 



SECOND SERI-iS. 



No. I. 



THE 



NARRATIVE 



COLOIiEL DAVID FANNING 

(a TORY IK THE EBVOLUTIONARY WAR WITH GREAT BRITAIN): 



GIVING AN ACCOUNT OP HIS 

ADVENTURES IN NORTH CAROLINA 

From 1775 to 1783, 
AS WRITTEN BY HIMSELF. 

WITH AN INTRODUCTION AND EXPLANATORY NOTES. 



NEW YORK: 

REPRINTED FOR JOSEPH SABIN. 
1865. 



FIFTY COPIES PRINTED, 4T0 



No. 



4^^^ 




A I. V O R D , PRINTER. 



o RMC ^ 



HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS 



KELATrXS TO THE 



eitr Nortfj State, 

No. 1. 

"Gather up the fragments that remain." 



60 copies 4to. 



JTo. -■ 



THE 



NARRATIVE 

OP 

COLONEL DAYID FANKUG, 

(A TORT IN THE KEVOLUTIONART WAR WITH GREAT BRITAIN;) 
GIVING AN ACCOUNT OF HIS 

ADVENTUEES IN NOETH CAEOLINA, 

FROM 1775 to 1783, 

AS WEITTElSr BY HIMSELF, 

WITH AN 

INTRODUCTION 

AND 

EXPLANATORY NOTES. 



PRINTED FOR PRIVATE DISTRIBUTION ONLY. 

1861. 

IN THE FIRST TEAR OF THE INDEPENDENCE OF THE 
CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA. 



PKEFACE. 

^^jT^HE narrative wMcli is now for the first time printed, 
sapplies a vacancy which has always been felt by the 
historian of the Revolution in the Southern States. 
History, song, and tradition have each done something 
to perpetuate the recollection of the deeds of one 
whose name has- come to us linked with all that is cruel and 
rapacious in a war of the most fratricidal character ; but no 
authentic detailed account of his life has up to the present 
time been made public, and but few of the particulars of his 
career during the war are generally known. 

All who have written of David Fanning, the Tory, have 
assigned him a high rank in the annals of infamy, and none 
who read his own account of himself and his " services" will 
hesitate to admit that he has been 

" by merit raised 
To that bad eminence." 



The frankness with which he narrates his adventures, and 
speaks of the cold-blooded murder of his neighbors and fel- 
low-citizens, is only equalled by the self-satisfaction which 
he exhibits at the close of his address " To the Reader," in 
using the words of the Psalmist as applicable to himself, as 
the " perfect" and the " upright man." 

Besides what he has written, the following account of him 
(principally traditionary) is that which is best authenti- 
cated. 

David Fanning was born in Johnston county, N. C, 

2 



about the year 1754, of obscure parentage. He was 
apprenticed to a Mr. Bryant, from whom, on account of 
harsh treatment, he ran away, when about sixteen or 
seventeen years of age. His miserable condition excited 
compassion, and secured for him a temporary home at the 
house of John 0. Deniell, of the Haw Fields, in Orange 
county. 

He had the scald head, had lost nearly all his hair, and 
the scalp was so offensive that he never ate at the table 
with the family or slept in a bed. In subsequent life he 
wore a silk cap, and his most -intimate friends never saw his 
head naked. 

In the course of two or three years after his elopement 
from his master he went to South Carolina, engaged in traf- 
ficking with the Catawba Indians, acquired property, and 
settled on Eaeburn's Creek, a braiich of Keedy river, in 
Laurens District. On his return from a trading excursion, 
at the beginning of the difficulties with the mother country, 
he was met by a party of lawless fellows who called them- 
selves Whigs, and robbed by them of every thing he had. 
Previously to this he had preferred to be a Whig, but, ex- 
asperated at the outrage perpetrated by these desperadoes, 
he changed sides, and during a series of years availed him- 
self of every opportunity to wreak his vengeance on his 
former friends. 

The defeat of the Tories at King's Mountain disheartened 
them for any great efforts afterwards in North Carolina, 
and they never again assembled in any large numbers in 
that State. In 1Y82 Fanning went to Charleston, S. C, 
and from thence to St. Augustine, in Florida. From thence, 
at the close of the war, finding that all hopes of his returning 
to his native State were removed by the action of the Legis- 
lature, which made an exception of him in their acts of am- 
nesty, he went to New Brunswick, and Sabine says: "He 
lived some years in Queen's county, and was a member of the 



[xi] 

House of Assembly, but in 1799 removed to Nova Scotia, 
wbere he was a Colonel in tbe militia. He died at Digby, 
Nova Scotia, in 1825." 

Caruthers lias sifted and garnered the traditions of the 
times with remarkable fulness and discrimination, and inter- 
woven record evidence, but recently discovered, elucidating 
and confirming much that was previously obscure and 
doubtful. He is sustained by'Fanning in every important 
statement but one. Fanning was not trained in the school 
of M'Girth, but received " bloody instructions" from an abler 
and more distinguished man, William Cunningham, the 
Captain of the " Bloody Scout," a good memoir of whom 
is a desideratum yet to be supplied by the South Carolina 
Historical Society, before it is too late. Fanning states, in 
the opening of his narrative, that after the reduction of 
Charleston (May 1780), " myself and one William Cunning- 
ham concluded to embody a party of men, which we effected. 
We determined to take Colonel Williams, of the rebel militia, 
prisoner, and then to join Captain Parish, who was to raise a 
company and assist us." " Bloody Bill" and Captain Parish 
(Paris, or Peares, according to varying orthography) were fit 
companions for Fanning. Williams eluded them then, but 
only to fall soon after more gloriously, with the shouts of 
victory sounding his requiem, on the well-fought battle- 
field of King's Mountain. 

The history of the " narrative" itself ; of the importance 
attached to it, by those who had heard of or seen it ; with 
the indefatigable efforts, continued for a long period and at 
last crowned with success, on the part of the gentleman who, 
with the indispensable untiring spirit of an antiquarian and 
historian, allowed no difficulties to divert him from the pur- 
suit, the reader will find in the Introduction by Mr. Wheeler. 
One thing seems remarkable ; that although the existence of 
this manuscript was known to persons interested in the his- 
tory of North Carolina, yet it must have entirely escaped the 



[xii] 

knowledge of Mr. Sabine ; for although he says, in the preface 
to his " Sketches of American Loyalists," that " I lived in 
the eastern portion of the United States, enjoyed free and 
constant intercourse with persons of Loyalist descent, have 
had the use of family papers and of rare documents, have 
made journeys to confer with the living, and pilgrimages to 
graveyards to complete the records of the dead," yet he 
makes no mention of the existence of this narrative ; and^ 
in addition to that which is above quoted, has only to say for 
the biography of David Fanning, that " He was an officer 
under the crown during the war, and at its close settled in 
New Brunswick." 

By the date of his address " To the Keader," it will be seen 
that the narrative was written in 1Y90. An examination and 
comparison of the Index and text will give reason to believe 
that the order of the narrative was first arranged in his mind, 
and the Index made out, as containing the most important 
events connected with this period of his life, in the order in 
which they occurred; and when the work was being executed 
he failed to find many of the documents which he had in- 
tended to embody in his account, among which were included 
the letters, proclamations, speeches, and petitions, which are 
indicated in the Index by an *, but which cannot be found 
in the text. Those parts of the Index might have been 
omitted ; but deeming it proper to print the whole paper as it 
was made out by the author, I have preserved the whole 
arrangement of title, address to the reader, index, and text, 
just as he had it, not altering a single word, or letter from 
the copy. A very few typographical errors of a single letter 
occur, but these are too apparent to be pointed but. 

This narrative gives many details of events which have 
escaped the historian, and records acts of heroism and in- 
stances of suflering on the part of those who, in the Southern 
States, offered up their all as a sacrifice to secure the inde- 
pendence of the American colonies. But the patriot and 



[ xiii ] 

the philantliropist must always regret that the struggles of 
those who, in the contest with Great Britain, shed their blood 
on every battle-field, both in their own section and that of 
the North, for the freedom of the whole country, were pro- 
ductive only of a change of masters with them ; for soon 
after throwing off the yoke of Old England, they were, 
through adroit management and cunning legislation, made 
to assume that of New England; and ere the actors en- 
gaged in the first struggle had all passed from the stage of 
life, their children had to draw the sword to protect their 
homes and firesides from a foe who, fattened upon their sub- 
stance, and grown insolent by successes, attempted to impose 
on them burdens more odious than those which they refused 
to bear from that nation to whom they owed their existence 
as a people. And these impositions on the part of the North 
have at^last culminated in the final and irrevocable separa- 
tion from them of those to whom they should have clung 
with more than maternal love. And, alas ! their mad efforts 
to subdue those who now stand in the attitude of rebels 
towards them, have brought about the re-enacting of scenes 
such as those disclosed by our veracious chronicler; and 
although we still have greatly the advantage in the battles 
fought up to this time, yet, Virginia invaded, Maryland 
overpowered, and Kentucky divided against herself, have 
realized all the horrors of civil war as told by Fanning, with 
other scenes at the recital of which decency revolts, and be- 
fore the perpetrators of them even the Tories of the first 
revolutionary war might " hide their diminished heads ;" 
while the faithful historian of this portion of our country's 
annals will blush for his race when he records the deeds of 
those who, calling themselves . Union men, cling to the old 
government, as did the Tories of Fanning's time, and in the 
name of loyalty rob and torture and lay waste the property 
of those who have dared to assert and endeavor to maintain 
their rights as freemen. 



[ xiv ] 

The present may seem an inappropriate time to attend to 
preserving the history of onr former struggle for independ- 
ence ; and it must be admitted that while a country is en- 
gaged in a furious war, with a foe who unites to all the 
rancor of difference of race the rage of the pirate at the 
escape of his destined victims, it is hardly a fitting time to 
contribute to the historical literature of our country. But 
when we recollect how liable to loss and destruction, espe- 
cially at such periods, are aU manuscript records, a reason is 
at once given for consigning them to " the art preservative 
of all arts," to prevent their total loss. For this reason, and 
with the hope that this effort may contribute something to 
the history of one of the States now forming a part of the 
new Confederacy, is this pamphlet distributed. 

In making out the notes illustrative of the history of per- 
sons named in the text, I have derived the greater portion 
of the information from Sabine's Loyalists, Lossing's Fi eld- 
Book of the Revolution, and Gibbes' Historical Documents 
of South Carolina. I am also indebted to Hon. L. D. Swain, 
ex-governor of North Carolina, for many of the notes, which 
are printed entire as he wrote them, and for the synopsis of 
the life of Fanning, as given in the preface. 

T. H. W. 

Richmond, Nov. 25th, 1861. 



INTRODUCTION. 



BY JOHN H. WHEELEE. 



f^T^HE name of Fannin&, whose narrative is herewith 
1^1 preserved, written by himself, is associated, in the 
revolutionary history of North Carolina, with deeds 
of desperate daring, rapine, and cruelty. Since the 
history of North Carolina was published by me (1851) 
I have met with a letter from General Alexander Gray to 
Dr. A. Henderson, dated Randolph county, N. C, March 
30th, 1847, which gives much information as to the ad- 
ventures and exploits of Colonel Fanning. Eev. E. W. 
Caruthers, D. D., in a work entitled " The Revolutionary 
•Incidents and Sketches of Character, chiefly in the old North 
State," printed in Philadelphia (Hayes & Zell, 193 Market 
Street) in 1854, has devoted more than one hundred and fifty 
pages of his very valuable work to the life and character of 
Fanning. 



[ xvi ] 

In preparing matter for a second edition of my History of 
North Carolina, as I felt satisfied that the sketch of Fanning 
T liad presented of him under Chatham County (ad vol. 84) 
was not complete, and not satisfactory even to myself, with- 
out this narrative, which I knew had been written, and which 
was hi existence, I made some efforts to obtain a copy of it. 
But to eflfect this seemed almost hopeless. I had seen a copy 
of a letter from Fanning to Eev. Eoger -Yeits, dated in 
1822, in which he declared that he " would not let any one 
have it on any pretence whatsoever" — that he had refused five 
hundred dollars for it. I visited St. Johns, in the British 
province of ISTew Brunswick, near which Fanning lived and 
died, but was not successful in this object. 

After Fannihg's death (in 1825), his son, who. Dr. Caru- 
thers states, " was a ruling Elder in the church and an es- 
timable man," did not seem to value so highly this important 
paper, which with other documents of his father came into 
his possession. He allowed Porter C. Bliss, Esq., who was 
employed by the Massachusetts Historical Society to collect 
authentic materials of the early history of our Nation, to 
make a copy, which he did, as he informed me, verbatim et 
literatim — not correcting the many errors in orthography 
and grammar with which it abounds. I copied this myself 
carefully. When 1 first heard of this manuscript copy, it 
was in the hands of Hon. Geo. Bancroft, in New York. I 
wrote to Mr. Bancroft, with the approbation of Mr. Bliss, 
who at the time was engaged in a responsible position in the 
Indian Bureau of the Interior Department in Washington 
City, and is now attached to the American Legation at 
Brazil. Mr. Bancroft immediately replied, testifying to the 



[ xvii ] 

authenticity, fidelity, and value of the manuscript;* and 
through Mr. Bliss's efforts it was forwarded to me. My ex- 
ertions to procure this paper had been stimulated by a letter 
to me from Governor Swain, dated 16th April, 1861, in 
which he says : " I have known of the existence of the Fan- 
ning manuscript for nearly thirty years ; and have made 
repeated efforts, ^unsuccessfully, to obtain a copy. My last 
attempt was three or four years ago, through Dr. Sparks, of 
Boston." 

When Judge Murphy, a few years before his death, was 
collecting materials for history, he made an effort through 
Hoil. Archibald McBride, of Moore county (in Congress from 
1809 to 1813), to obtain a copy of Tanning's narrative. He 
could get nothing except the following letter, which has been 
published in the University Magazine, and also in Caruthers's 
work: 

DiGBY Ihth May 1S22 
" Deae Snt 

The letters you sent me appears to be a request of some 
gentleman in North Carolina, or elsewhere to get holt of my 
Journal, or the narrative of my servis, During the time of 



* The following note from Mr. Bancroft will testify to tlie value he plaeed on 
the narrative : 

"New Yoek, April 26, 1861. 
My dear Me. Wheelee: 

I have yours of April 19th. Having only had permission of Mr. Bliss to 
keep the MS. for a short season, I returned it almost immediately to Mr. Beane, 
from whom I received it. The journal must be printed. 

Yours truly, 

Gsa Banceofi.'" 
John n. Wheeler, Esq. 

3 



[ xviii ] 

the American Rebellion. I am imder the necessity of say- 
ing that I would not Let any man have it on any pretence 
whatsoever, Unless I was well informed of the use that was 
to be made of it. You can say to the Gentleman that I now 
have a narrative of the Transactions of that war, Both of 
North and South Carolinas ; and if any gentleman wishes to 
know from me of any particular transaction, or the Date, by 
pointing it out to me, I may give the information of it, if it 
Don't operate against my Coming back to look after my 
property. You may say, that my Journal contains more 
, than one Quire of Fools Cap paper Closely wi'ote, and it 
would take a good pens man a month to write it over, fit to 
send to the world abroad. I was offered, by Charles Cook 
in England fifty pounds sterling for my Journal to have it 
published, auH I Refused him. Colonel McDougal Desired 
me not to Insert in it, any thing of his Servessas ; as he in- 
tended going back to North Carolina to Live, and he knows 
that I have a Narrative of all the Transactions. If he should 
want any thing of the kind from me, he should write to me 
himself. If any person wishes to prove any thing false, 
respecting the conduct of the Torys, let him point what it is, 
and I will endeavour to give him the truth. 

I am dear Sir Your obedient Servant 

David Fanning. 

P. S. I believe there is some more meaning in the letters 
than I understand ; the word Memorial of my life or a word 
to that effect, that I don't understand. I have hurt my 
ankil and knee, so I cannot come to see you. Ross said you 
wanted to answer them by post. 

To the Rev'd Roger Veitts. 



[ xix ] 

"With every reader of the revolutionary history of North 
Carolina, so full of thrilling incidents and patriotism, I feel 
much gratification in rescuing from oblivion this narrative 
of one, aboiit whom so much and varied tradition exists in 
our State ; and which, from its minuteness in detail, and ac- 
curacy of dates (which have been compared with reliable 
authorities), may be depended upon, as a truthful record. 
Had the daring, desperate temper of Fanning been elevated 
by education, chastened by religious influences, and directed 
in proper and patriotic channels, his name might have been 
associated with that of the Marions and Waynes of the event- 
ful epoch in which he was notorious. 

Jno. H. Wheelee. 

Murfreesbord' , Hertford Co., N. C. 
^thJune, 1861. 



NAERATIVE 



OF 



COL'O DATID FANNING 

WRITTEN BY HIMSELF 

DETAILING ASTOmSHUSTG EVENTS 

IN NO. CA. 

FEOM 1775 TO 17.8 3. 



TO THE READER. 



CoDETEors Eeadee, 

' whoever thou art, the Author being only a Farmer 
bred, and not conversant in learning, thou may'st think that 
the within Journal is not authentic. But it may be de- 
pended upon on that every particular herein mentioned is 
nothing but the truth ; Yea, I can boldly assert that I have 
undergone much more than what is herein mentioned. 

Rebellion according to Scripture is, as the Sin of witch- 
craft; and the propagators thereof, has more than once 
punished ; which is dreadfully exemplified this day in the 
now United States of America but formerly Provinces; 
for since their Independence from Great Britain, they have 
been awfully and visibly punished by the fruits of the earth 
being cut off; and civil dissention every day prevailing 
among them ; their fair trade, and commerce almost totally 
ruined; and nothing prospering so much as nefarious and 
rebelious Smugling. "Whatever imperfections is in the 
within, its hoped will be kindly overlooked by the courteous 
Reader, and attributed to the Author's want of learning. 

I do not set forth any thing as a matter of amusement, 



[ xxiv ] 

but what is really, justly fact, that my transactions and 
scenes of life have been as herein narrated during the term 
of the Rebellion ; and that conduct, resolution, and courage 
perform wonderous things beyond credibility, the following 
of which laudable deeds will give them, are exercized there- 
in the Experience that I have gained. 

In the 19th year of my age, I entered into the "War; and 
proceeded from one step to another, as is herein mentioned, 
and at the conclusion thereof, was forced to leave the place 
of my nativity for my adherence to the British Constitution ; 
and after my sore fatigues, I arrived at St. John Kiver; 
and there with the blessing of God, I have hitherto enjoyed 
the swe&ts of peace, and freedom under the benevolent aus- 
pices of the British Government — which every loyal and 
true subject may enjoy with me, is the wish of the Author. 

King's County David FAmsmsTG. 

Long Beach 

New Brunswick 
June 2Uh 1790. 

PSALM 37 & 37. 

" Mark the perfect man, and behold the upright I for the end of that man is 
peace." 



INDEX 



The Narrative of David Fanning . 

Major Robinson took the command 

The first time my being taken . 

My going to the Indians 

John Tork in East Florida 

Colo. Mills taken 

Gilliam took me . . ... 

My wounds dressed .... 

Treaty with the rebel, Colo. Williams . 

The reduction of Charleston 

Colo. Innis' Engagement in South Carolina . 

Went to Deep River, North Carohna . 

Col. Hamilton's advertisement 

A skirmish with Duck 

Joined Lord Cornwallis 

A skirmish with Capt. John Hinds 

The Three Skirmishes ...... 

The Skirmish with Collier, and Balfour 
My appointment from J. H. Craigg 
A copy of the commission, I gave 
The names of the different Officers 
Chatham taken .... 

The Regulations of the Loyalists 

The oath to the Loyalists .... 

Engagement with Col. Alston 

Copy of a parole 

Major Cage's letter 

Col. Slingsby wounded 

The Engagement with Wade 

MoDougald and MoNeal join me . 

My advertisement ..... 

Hillsborough taken, (Gov. taken prisoner) 

Colo McNeal killed, and myself wounded . 

Skirmish with Neal 

J. H. Craigg' s letter 

Colo Edmund Fanning's letter 
Capt. John Leggetts' letters 
Colo. McDougaJ's list of Officers . 
Colo. McNeal' s do do 

The Volunteers from Wihnington 

4 



I 

3 
3 

4 
5 
7 
9 
11 
11 
11 
12 
13 
13 
14 
14 
15 
15 
17 
18 
19 
19 
24 
24 
21 
27 
28 
29 
31 
31 
32 
32 
33 
34 
34 
36 
37 
37 
37 
37 
37 



[ xxvi ] 



Different skirmishes with Rutherford's men 

Rebel proclamation ... 

& Col. Isaacs frora the mountains 

Skirmishes with the Rebels 

Golstons'a House burnt and two Rebels killed 

Terms required by me of the Rebels . 

Williams answer 

Ramsey's Letters . . . 

Williams, Burns, & Clarke's letter 
Capt. Linley murdered, and two men hanged for it 
Col. Alston came to me . . . . 

My articles presented again 

General Butler's letter 

Walker, and Currie's skirmishes with the Rebels 
Balfour killed . . . . 

Bryan killed 

Rebel Commisary hanged . 
Capt. Williams from Gov'r to me . 
Griffith's Letter .... 

Rosur and Goldston's letters 

Capt Dugin's and Guins letter . 

The answer from the Assemblay . 

Myself married, & Capt. Hooker killed 

The forged letters 

My answer in Major Rains name 

My riding Mare taken . . ... 

Hunter and Williams letter . 

My arrival in Charleston ..... 

The names of the gentlemen Committee in Charleston 

*' Rebel proclamation . . . ... 

Embarked for East Florida 

* Major Devoice'a Articles .... . . 

A certificate of my Services signed by officers in East Florida 
An estimate of my property 

* King's Speech 

* My speech to the inhabitants . 

* Myself and others set out for East Florida 

* My arrival at New Providence . 

Col. Hamilton's letter 

My Memorial to the Commissioners 
Lieut. Colo. McKay's letters 
Commissioner', certificate 
Memorial for half pay to Sir George Young 

* My letter to.George Randal 
The Rebel Act of oblivion 

* Rebel Petition 

* Mr. Branson's letters 
'* WilUam Teague's letter . 



38 
39 
39 
41 
41 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
46 
4'7 
49 
50 
51 
51 
52 
52 
53 
53 
54 
55 
56 
57 
58 
59 
59 
61 
61 

63 

63 

64 



65 
66 
67 
69 
67 

70 



* The subjects named in these are not to be found in the text. 



A JOUEI^AL OF 
COL. DAVID FANNING'S TEANSACTIONS, 

DURING THE LATE WAE, IN AMERICA; FROM THE TEAR 1775, 
COMMENCING 1st OF MAT; UNTIL THE PEACE. 




^OL. THOMAS FLEACHALL' of Fair- 
forest, ordered the different Captains to 
call musters, and present two papers for 
the inhabitants to sign. One was to see 
who was friends to the King and Gov- 
ernment ; and the other was to see who 
would join the Rebellion. 
The first day of May, Capt. James Lindley of Rabem's 
Creek, sent to me, as I was a Sergeant of the said company, 
to have his company warned to meet at his house 15th of 
said month. I did accordingly, and presented two papers ; 
there was 118 men signed in favour of the King, also de- 
clared to defend the same, at the risk of lives and property, 
in July 1775. There was several advertisements set up in 
every part of said district, that there was a very good pres- 
petearing minester to call at the Different places, to preach, 
and Baptise children. 

But at the time appointed, instead of meeting a Minister, 
we all went to meet two Jews by name of Silvedoor and 
Rapely ; and after making many speeches in favour of the 
Rebellion, and used all their endeavors to delude the 
people away, at last presented Revolution papers to see who 



[ 2 J 

would sign them; they- were severely repremanded by 
Henry O'neaF and many others. It came so high^ that 
they had much adue to get off, with their lives. The 
Rebels then found that we were fully determined to oppose 
them. They began to embody in the last of said month ; 
to compel all to join them, or to take away our arms. Our 
oiBcers got word of their intentions. I then got orders 
from the Captain to warn the Militia to assemble them- 
selves at Hugh O'neal's mill ; which was done by several 
Captain's companys, and continued for several days under 
arms ; and then both parties was determined on this condi- 
tion, that neither parties should intercept each other. 
This continued for some time, until the Eebels had taken 
Thomas Brown,^ who after that had the honor to be Colonel 
of the Eegiment of the East Florida Eangers, at Augusta. 
They burnt his feet, tarred, feathered and cut off his hair. 
After that he got so he was able to set on horseback, he 
came to our poast, and the Rebels then began to embody 
again. Col'n Fletchall found a large camp, and marched 
from the Liberty Springs to Mill Creek on our way towards 
Ninety-Six; Twelve miles from Ninety-Six the Rebels 
found they were not strong enough for us, and sent an 
Express to Col'n Fletchall to come and treat with them, 
which said Fletchall did. But the terms of their treat- 
ment I did not know. We were all dismissed until farther 
orders. In a short time after the Rebels took Capt. Robert 
Cunningham* and carried him off to Charlestown. Our 
party was then informed of his being taken off in the night 
time, and by making inquiry after him, we got information 
of a large quantity of Ammonition, that was there, on its 
way to the Cherechee Nation for Capt. Richard Paris to 
bring the Indians down into the settlement, where the 
friends of the Government lived, to murder all they coud. 
"We intercepted the amonition and took Capt'n R. Paris, 
who swore to these facts. We there formed a large camp. 



[ 3] 

and Col. Fletcliall being so heavy, he gave up the command 
to Maj. Joseph Robinson/ 

In the month of JS'ov'r 1775, the South Carolina Militia, 
of which I was at that time Sergeant, under the command 
of Major Joseph Robinson, laid seige to a Fort, erected by 
the Rebels at Ninety-Six ; commanded by Col. Mason : 
which continued for the space of three days, and three 
nights — at the expii-ation of which time the Rebels were 
forced to surrender, and give up the Fort and Artillery. 
Major Robinson then ordered the Militia to the North side 
of Saluda River, and discharged them, for eighteen days. 
Afterwards orders were issued for every Captain to collect 
their respective companies at Hendrick's Mill, about 20 
miles from Ninety-Six ; The Rebels having received intel- 
ligence of our intended motion, they immediately marched 
before us ; and took possession of the groun-d, which pre- 
vented our assembling there. But about 300 of our Men 
met at Little River and marched from thence to Reedy 
River; and encamped at the Big Cane Break, for several 
days. The Rebels being informed of our situation, marched 
unexpectedly upon us, and made prisoners of 130 of men ; 
the remainder fled into the woods and continued there, 
with the Cherichee Indians until the 18th Jan'y 1776 ; 
when I was made a prisoner by a party of Rebels com- 
manded by a Captain John Burns ; who after detaining me 
four days, repeatedly urging me to take the oath of alle- 
giance to the United States, stript me of every thing, and 
made me give security, for my future good behaviour, by 
which means I got clear ; 'On the 10th of May 1776 hearing 
the Rebels had issued a proclamation to all the friends of 
government, offering them pardon and protection, provided 
they would return to their respective habitations and re- 
main neutral, this induced me for to r-eturn to my home, 
where I arrived on the 15 th of June. 



On the 20th, the Rebels being apprehensive of the Cher- 
ichee Indians breaking out, despatched several emissaries 
among the Loyalists, for to discover their intentions. One 
of which was Capt. Ritchie, who came to me, and told me 
he was a friend to Government, and sometime before 
left the Indian I^ation, and then wanted a pilot to con- 
duct him to the Indian Nation again. I agreed to conduct 
him to any part of the country he wanted for to go to, pro- 
vided he would keep it secret. This he promised for to do. 
But immediately he went and lodged information against 
me, and swore that I then had a company of men, ready 
in order, for to join the Indians. In consequence of this, I 
was made prisoner again, on the 25th, by a Capt. John 
Rogers, and thrown into close confinement with three cen- 
tinels over me. On the 1st of July, the Indians came 
down into the back country of South Carolina, and killed 
several families; at which time, the rebel camp being in 
great confusion, I made my escape, and went to my own 
house at Rabirn's creek ; but finding a number of my Iriends 
had already gone to the Indians, and more disposed so for to 
do, I got twenty-five men to join me ; and on our arrival at 
Parishies plantation, on Reedy River, in the Indian land, we 
formed a junction with the Indians, on the 16th inst., in the 
evening ; the militia and the Cherickees to amount of 260 
surrounded the fort built with logs, containing 450 of the 
Rebels. After a smart fire on both sides for two hours and 
a half, we retreated without any injury except one of the 
Indian Chiefs being shot through the hand. I then left the 
Indians and persued my way to North Carolina ; where, on 
my arrival, I was taken up again, and close confined; but 
was rescued by my friends, three different times. After 
which I made my escape good. I then endeavored for to 
go home again ; and after experiencing numberless hardships 
in the woods, I arrived the 10th of March, 1117, at Rebun's 
creek, South Carolina. 



[5 ] 

I was made prisoner again on the lltli, by a Capt. Smith, 
bound hand and foot, and carried under guard, towards 
Ninety-six goal ; after marching twelve miles, the company 
halted for the evening, and watching an opportunity, I cut 
the ropes I was bound with, and stript myself when the guard 
was asleep, I threw myself out of the window and returned 
Dack to Keburn's creek, by, a diii'erent way, from that which 
they had carried me prisoner. I was obliged now foi- to 
secret myself in the woods, and was supplied with provition 
by some Quakers, and other Loyalists, in the neighbourhood. 

A company of loyalists, of which I was one, was then 
raised by a Richard Parish, and it was determined to go to 
Mobile, and join the British army. One of the company 
proving treacherous, gave information to the rebels, who 
raised a body of troops for to suppress us. They took me, 
with five more prisoners, and carried us to Ninety-six goal, 
on the 5th August, 1T77. Captain Parish escaped Mnth 
some loyalists, belonging to the company, and made his 
way good to the British army at Mobile, in "West Florida. 
Myself, with five others, who were taken, remained in close 
confinement, until November following, and we were tried 
for our lives, on a charge of High Treason, for rising in arms 
against the United States of America; but were acquited 
and went home. The fees and expenses of my confinement 
amounted to £300, Virginia money, allowing dollars at six 
shillings each, which I paid, and was then ordered back to 
the goal for the rent of the room. 

On the 1st of March, 1T78, Capt. John Tork, of East Flori- 
da, received orders from the commander-in-chief for the 
Loyal Militia, of Georgia, and South Carolina, to assemble 
themselves. Accordingly, they were embodied. — The major- 
ity of the people chose me their commanding officer, we 
took a number of prisoners, furnished ourselves with horses, 
and marched to Savannah river on the borders of Georgia, 
(two miles above Augusta), Capt. Tork, who was our 



[6], 

pilot, then got discouraged, and -svould not suffer any of 
the militia to proceed with him back to East Florida 
except three men ; we were then under the necessity of re- 
turning home, upwards of one hundred miles, through the 
rebel country ; and betake ourselves to the woods as for- 
merly. During our retreat, we were persued by three hun- 
dred rebels ; but we got back home to Keburn's creek safe. 
When the Kebels found we were returned, they raised a 
body of men for to take us ; and for the space of three 
months kept so constant a look out that we were obliged for 
to stay in the woods ; six weeks of which time I never saw 
a man, except Samuel Brown (who was afterwards killed at 
Tiger river,) that shared my sufferings ; we lived entirely 
without either bread or salt, upon what we killed in the 
wilderness. "We determined, let the consequences be what 
they would, to proceed to the settlement of Green river, 
North Carolina, where we rested ourselves at a friend's 
house, about a week. Here we parted. I then proceeded 
to Tiger river, where I arrived safe on the 1st of June, 1778. 
Myself, and Samuel Smith, now associated, and were taken 
by a company of rebels commanded by a Capt. Goiry. "We 
made our escape the second night, by bribing the sentinel, 
and parted company. I met with one of the horses belong- 
ing to the rebels, about a mile from the house I had escaped 
from, and mounted him. They persued me through the 
woods by the horse's tracks, upwards of seventy miles, and 
came to Reburn's Creek, where I lived. They were anxious 
to recover their horse from me, and promised for to return 
one of the four they had taken from me, if I would deliver 
up the said horse. This being agreed upon, I went with 
them for to receive my own horse tack ; when we had ad- 
vanced 30 miles we came near to where a rebel fort was ; I 
desired them to go, a little out of the way, and avoid it, 
which they had promised to do before we proceeded on our 
journey. One of them laid hold of my horse's bridle, and 



[71 

told me to surrender myself a prisoner, for they were deter- 
mined to confine me in the Fort, or carry me to Ninety Six 
goal, about 80 miles off. They said I was not in that 
damned tory country at that time. I, therefore, after some 
conversation, concluded to submit for to be disarmed at the 
time, as they threatened blowing a ball through me every 
instant, if I did not surrender ; which I did. On my arrival 
at the Fort, I was stript of my clothes, and confined close 
'till morning, when they tied my legs under a horse's belly, 
and took me before a magistrate to commit me to goal. 
However I was admitted to bail for my good behaviour. 
On my return to the people, who took my horse, and clothes, 
and asking for them, I was retaken before another magis- 
trate, and committed to goal, under a strong guard. On 
my proceeding towards the goal, the guard was particularly 
careful about securing me ; and in order for to do it, the 
more effectually tied me with a rope, to a stout fellow who 
was one of them. When I found him asleep, I took the 
opportunity to cut myself loose with a knife (or rather with 
a pair of horse fleames) which was accidently left lying in 
the road, and throwing myself out of the window made my 
escape, and took to the mountains for shelter. I continued 
there, for some time, when Col. Mills of the Loyal Militia on 
knowing where I was, proposed at several meetings, we had, 
to raise a company ; which we did, of 500 men, for the pur- 
pose of going to St. Augustine. One of the company proved 
faithless, and gave information to the Rebels, who imme- 
diately embodied themselves, and took Col. Mills prisoner, 
with 16 of the company, and carried them off' to Salisbury 
Jail. Myself with 14 more persued about 20 miles with an 
intention of rescuing them, until we were in sight of Gilbert 
Town ; where the Rebels had a guard ; and finding we could 
not eff'ect our purpose at that time, our numbers being so 
small, and theirs increasing, we returned back. The Rebels 
persued us all night, and in the morning, we perceived them 
5 



[8] 

within shot of lis ; we iired upon them, which they returned ; 
and continued skirmishing with them in the woods about an 
hour ; when they retreated. What injury we did them we 
could not tell ; on our part we suffered no loss. Here our 
party separated. I made way for Holsten River about 140 
miles through the woods — I had proceeded about 40 miles 
on my way, when I was met by three men ; one of which 
knew me. He came to me, with seeming friendship, and on 
taking my hand, called his companions to assist him in se- 
curing me; which they did; and made me a prisoner. 
They tied my hands behind my back, and feet to each other 
under the hoi-ses belly and took me to Ninety-Six Jail again, 
where I was closely confined for 17 days. During my con- 
finement I got acquainted with a friend to the government, 
who lived there, by talking to him through the grates ; He 
furnished me with two files and a knife, by which means I 
cut through the iron bars and escaped. I returned agaip to 
Reburn's Creek and after remaining some time in the woods 
there, I was advised by friends for to make peace with Oapt. 
Gillian, who commanded a company of Rebels on the In. 
dian lines. He I durst not be seen by ,any one of the Rebel 
party, I got one of my friends to go to him, and desire him 
to meet me alone, at a particular place, and give him my 
word I would not injure him. We met accordingly, and 
passed our words not for to disturb or injure each other. We 
continued our meetings, in the woods, generally, every day, 
or two, for the space of a month ; until we were -discovered 
by some of his company ; who threatened for to have him 
punished for treating with me; however he still met me, 
now and then, and introduced, a friend of his, to me ; who 
he told me, I might depend upon. One day, I observed an 
alteration in their behaviours, and asked them when at some 
distance, if he meant for to keep his word with me. He re- 
plied " by all means." We were all on horseback, and I had 
my rifle across my saddle. When we were going to part, as 



[9 ] 

I expected, he suddenly seized my rifle ; and the man who 
was with him seized hold of my horse's bridle, he presented 
his rifle to my breast and told me I was his prisoner, or a 
dead man. I was under the necessity to surrender, and they 
carried me again to my old quarters at Ninety-Six, where 
we arrived on the 11th of Oct'r 1778. I was stripped en- 
tirely naked, thrown into irons and chained to the floor. I 
remained in that situation until the 20th of December follow- 
ing, when I again made shift, for to get my irons off, and 
having sawed one of the grates some time before, I again 
escaped by means of a fellow prisoner, who supplied me with 
some old clothes, of which I made a rope to let me down ; I 
received a fall in getting down, but luckily did not hurt my- 
self. The Goalor heard me fall, and presented a musket at 
me, out of a window ; but I avoided him. He alarmed the 
guard and they persued me ; but however I got clear ofi'. I 
found mj^self much hurt by a fall I got in their chasing me. 
I got back to Reburn's Creek ; but was taken in three days ; 
and again introduced at Ninety-Six. I was chained and 
ironed as before, in the centre of a room 30 feet square ; 
forty-five from the ground, the snow beating in, through the 
roof, with 4 grates open night and day. I remained in this 
state eleven days ; I got my chains off in the night of the 
12th ; The Goaler did not chain me down again ; but I had 
still part of them remaining on one of my legs, which weighed 
seven pounds and three quarters. I continued loose in Goal 
until the 13th of February 1779, when I took a bar out of the 
window, in the night, and prised one of the planks out of the 
floor of the Room, and from thence went down stairs; I 
found the door fast, seciired ; but I went to a breach, I had 
formerly made in the back of the chimney, and got out. 
One of my fellow prisoners escaped with me, and we kept 
together for some time after. "We found a number of Horses 
grazing in a field belonging to a company of Rebels, under 
the command of Capt. Fair; who that night come into 



[10] 

Town. We mounted each of us, and rode off to Reburn's 
Creek. On our war, we stopped at a liouse, and furnislied 
ourselves with a Eifle and a pair of pistols ; we also supplied 
ourselves with clothing. By this time, the neighbourhood 
was alarmed, and the rebel militia sent in persuit of us. 
They laid several ambuscades, but without effect, and con- 
tinued embodied, for six months. I was so fortunate as for 
to escape ; but my companion was taken. The day after, he 
was taken, I was riding through a piece of timbered woods, 
when I discovered a party of men — they discovered me, and 
persued on fall speed for seven miles ; but I was lucky 
enough to escape them ; but my Horse falling, threw me, 
and I unfortunately lost my rifle. An advertizement was, 
then, made public, for apprehending me ; and a reward of 
Seventy silver dollars, and Three Hundred paper ones, was 
offered to take me. This made me very cautious, notwith- 
standing which I was betrayed, and fired upon by a party of 
Eebels, in number, sixteen ; I received two bullets in my 
back ; one of which is not extracted. I luckily kept my seat 
in the saddle, and rode off. After proceeding 12 miles I 
turned my horse into the woods, and remained there eight 
days ; having no .support but herbs, except three eggs ; my 
wounds, at this time being troublesome and offencive, for 
the want of dressing, I got my Horse again, and moved' 
about 12 miles to & friend's house ; where on my arrival, I 
made a signal, which they knew, to acquaint them; of my 
being alive^ — a young girl of fourteen years old, came to me ; 
but when she came near enough to see me, she was fright- 
ened so at the sight, she run off. I persued after her on 
horseback, telling her who I was ; She said she new it was 
me, but I was dead ; that I was, then, a spirit and stunk yet. 
I was a long time before I could get her to come to me, I 
looked so much like a rack of nothing but skin and bones, 
and my wounds had not been dressed, and my clothes all 
bloody. My misery and situation was beyond explanation, 



[11 ] 

and no friend in the world that I could depend upon ; How- 
ever, these people seeing me in that distrest situation, took 
the greatest care of me, and dresst my wounds. My horse 
having been seen by some of the Rebel partj'^, they concluded 
I was not killed ; and wrote several letters which they gave 
one of my friends, offering to treat with me ; and advising 
me to surrender ; threatening at the same time, in case I did 
not, to banish eight families of my friends out of South Caro- 
lina. A limited time was given for my answer, but it had 
expired, before that I received the letters ; in consequence 
of which, their threats were put in execution ; and the peo- 
ple's properties was taken from them, and they confined. 
On the receipt of my letter, the people were liberated, but 
their properties were still detained. 

The second day, after, I treated with the Colonel of the 
Kebel Militia, and had an express sent off to Gov. Kutledge 
at Charlestown, about a week after his answer came back 
with a conditional pardon for that which I had done, should 
be forgotten, and that I should live quietly and peacefully 
at home ; and be obliged to pilot parties through the woods 
as occation might reqiiire. 

Before I excepted of these conditions, I advised with my 
friends, and company, who all approved of it, as it conduced 
both to their ease, and safety. 

I remained at home a year and twelve days, and was re- 
peatedly urged for to except of a company in the Continental 
service, which I always refused. 

After the reduction of Charlestown, myself and one Wil- 
liam Cuningham," concluded for to embody a party of men, 
which we affected. 

We determined for to take Col'n Williams, of the Eebel 
Militia, prisoner, and then to join Capt. Parish, who was to 
raise a company and assist us. Col'n Williams got notice 
of it, and pushed off; and though we got sight of him, he 
escaped us. 



[12] 

We now found ourselves growing strong, and numbers 
flocking daily to us. 

I then took tlie King's proclamations and distributed 
them through the country, for upwards of a hundred 
miles. 

Capt. Parish had command of the party, and marched up 
to Ninety-six, which he took (tommand of, without firing a 
shot, where I found him again. The day after, we marched 
about 12 miles, to Gen. Williamson's at Whitehall ; who 
commanded a fort with 14 swivels, and two companies of 
provincial troops. On our approach, he met us, about three 
miles of the Fort, attended by several oflBcers, requesting he 
might discharge the troops, and have protection for himself 
and them. 

We granted him what he requested ; and took possession 
of the Fort, and their arms, which they piled up ; after that 
they marched otit of the garrison. 

Three days after that, Col. Pickins, with 300 men, marched 
out and laid down their arms. 

General Robert Cunningham, of the Loyal Militia, now 
took the command ; and formed a camp. 

We kept scouting parties, through the country, and had 
many skirmishes ; but none of consequence. 

After the British American troops, had taken possession 
of Ninety-six, I continued scouting on the Indian lines, 
until Col. Innis forwarded his march up to Musgrovi Mill, 
on the Innoree River, I then joined them with a party of 
fourteen men. 

The following morning the pieketts were attacked by a 
party of Rebels. Col. Innis ordered us to advance and sup- 
port them, which we did, and followed them until we 
arrived where the main body lay, under Col. Williams. 
Col. Innis was unfortunately wounded, with several other 
officers. 

We engaged them for sometime, and then retreated about 



[13] 

a mile and a quarter ; where we encamped and in the night, 
marched off towards Ninety-six, under command of Capt. 
Depister.' 

The next morning I, and my small party returned back to 
the Indian lines. We continued scouting on the lines, for 
sometime, until I met with Capt. Parish, of the British 
American South Carolina Regiment, who gave me a list of 
some soldiers that he had permission for to visit their friends 
in the country, on the return from Florida to Ninety-six, I 
was desired by him for to go to give them notice for to join 
their regiments. On this expedition, I fell in with Major 
Forgessons" party, which was defeated, five days afterwards. 
The Rebels after that, began to be numerous and trouble- 
some ; and little or no regulation amongst us, I made the 
best of my way to Deep River, North Carolina, Avhere I 
remained until the month of Februarj-, 1781. 

I was, during this time, discovering the disposition of the 
people ; being infonned that Lord Comwallis was marching 
that way, I kept my intentions secret, until I received cer- 
tain accounts. I then caused this advertisement to be pub- 
lished, and used all my influence to get all the Loyalists to 
join me, and defend ourselves when occasion might require. 
A true copy of which is here set forth. 

" ADYERTISEMENT. 

If any of his Majesty's loyal and faithful subjects, able 
and willing to serve in the Royal North Carolina Regiment 
commanded by Col. Hamilton, are hereby requested to re- 
pair to his encampment. The Bounty allowed for each man, 
is three Guineas ; and the terms of the engagement are that 
he shall serve during the Rebellion, and within the Provinces 
of North and South Carolina, and "Virginia only ; that 
during his service he shall be entitled to Clothing, Pay, Pro- 
visions, and all the advantages of his Majesty's Regular, and 
Provincial Troops, and at the end of the Rebellion, when he 



[14] 

becomes discharged, of course, he is to receive as a reward 
for his services during the war, a free grant of Land agreea- 
ble to his Majesty's proclamation." 

• Of his' persuing Gen. Greene, as far as Hillsboro, this 
struck such a terror on the Kebels, and was so pleasing to 
us, that we immediately disarmed the disaffected and em- 
bodied about 300 men under the command of Col. Pyles. 
He fell in with a party of Eebels (Col. Lee's dragoons) and 
lost . 20 men killed, besides the wounded, that died after- 
wards. At this time I was with a small party at Deep 
Eiver, where I took two Eebel officers, prisoners and sev- 
eral soldiers. I then directed my march where I left Col. 
Pyles and came within a little distance of the Dragoons, 
that had cut him up, when I was informed of his misfortune 
by some of his party that had fled ; we then separated into 
small parties and took to the woods for sometime. 

The day Lord Cornwallis defeated Gen. Greene at Guild- 
ford," I was surprized by a Captain Duck, with a company 
of Rebels, where I sustained a Joss of all our Horses, and 
arms ; we had one man killed on each side. 

The day following, myself, and three more of the com- 
pany, furnished ourselves with arms, and persued the Eebels, 
who we discovered had gone to their respective homes with 
their plunder. We visited one of their houses and found 
the horses which had been taken from the friends of the 
Government ; and discovering one of the said party in an 
out house, I fired at him, and wounded him in the neck 
with buckshot ; but he escaped. We then mounted our- 
selves, and turning the other horses into the woods, we re- 
turned back to Deep Eiver. We kept concealed in the 
woods and collected 26 men, having scouts out continually 
until we proceeded to Dixon's Mill, Cane Creek, where Lord 
Cornwallis was there encamped. On our arrival there his 
Lordship met us, and asked me sevei'al questions respecting 
the situation of the country, and disposition of the people. 



[15 ] 

I gave him all the information in my power, and leaving 
the company with his Lordship, I returned back to Deep 
river in order for to conduct more men to the protection of 
the British arms. 

Two days following, I returned to the army at Chatham 
Court house, after being surprised and dispersed by the 
Rebel Dragoons ; on my bringing in 70 Loyalists. I joined 
my company again and went with his Lordship, to Cross 
Creek, and as we had lost most of our horses, we determined 
to return to Deep Kiver, and join his Lordship when on his 
way to Hillsborough. General Green followed his Lord- 
ship as far as Little River, and then returned to Ramseys 
Mills on his way to Camden ; his men marched in small 
parties and distressed the friends to Government, through 
the Deep River settlement ; I took 18 of them at different 
times, and paroled them, and after that we were not dis- 
tressed by them for some little time ; after a little while 
some of us had assembled at a friends house, where we were 
surrounded by a party of 14 Rebels under the command of 
Capt. John Hinds ; we perceived their approach and pre- 
pared for to receive them ; when they had got quite near us, 
we run out of the doors of the house, fired upon them, and 
killed one of them ; on which we took three of their horses, 
and some firelocks — we then took to the woods and unfor- 
tunately had two of our little company taken, one of which 
the Rebels shot in cold blood, and the other they hung on 
the spot where we had killed the man a few days before — ■ 
We were exasperated at this, that we determined to have 
satisfaction, and in a few days I collected 17 men well 
armed, and formed an ambuscade on Deep River at Coxe's 
Mills, and sent out spies. In the course of two hours, one of 
my spies gave me information of a party of Rebels plunder- 
ing his house, which was about three miles off. I instantly 
marched to the place and discovered them in a field near the 
house. I attacked them immediately, and kept up a smart 
6 



[16 ] 

fire for half an hour, during which time, we killed their 
Captain, and one private, on the spot — wounded three of 
them, and took two prisoners besides eight of their horses 
well appointed, and several swords. This happened on the 
11th of May, 1781. The same day, we persued another 
party of Rebels, and came up with them the morning fol- 
lowing ; we attacked them smartly and killed 4 of them on 
the spot woxmded 3 dangerously and took one prisoner with 
all their horses, and appointments. In about an hour after 
that, we took two men of the same party, and killed one 
more of them; the same evening we had intelligence of 
another party of Rebels, which were assembling about 30 
miles off in order for to attack us ; as I thought it best to 
surprize them where they were collecting, I marched all 
night and about 10 o'clock next morning, we came up with 
them ; we commenced a lire upon each other, which con- 
tinued for about 10 minutes when they retreated ; we killed 
two of them, and wounded 7, and took 1 8 horses well ap- 
pointed ; we then returned to Deep River again — I still 
kej)t the company together, and waited for another oppor- 
tunity, during which time, I took two Rebel soldiers and 
parolled them, who gave me information of a Col. Dudley 
coming from Gen'l Greens camp at Camden, with baggage. 
I mounted my men and set forward in search of them ; and 
I concealed my men by the side of the road ; and I thought 
the time long ; according to information I had from the sol- 
diers — I took one man with me, and went to see if I could 
make any discovery. I rode a mile and a half, when I saw 
Col. Dudley with his baggage — I then wheeled my horse, and 
returned to my men ; where I came within a hundred yards 
of them, Dudley and his Dragoons was nose and tail and 
snaped their pistols several times. I, then, ordered a march 
after them, and after marching 2f miles I discovered them, 
and immediately took three of them prisoners, with all the 
baggage and nine Horses. The baggage I divided among 



[17] 

my Men, which agreeably to Col. Dudley's report was val- 
ued, at £1,000 sterlmg. I returned to Coxe's Mill and re- 
mained there till the 8th June ; when the Rebels embodied 
1 60 men to attack me, under the command of Cols. CoUyer 
and Balfour. I determined to get the advantage by attack- 
ing them", which I did with 49 men in the night, after march- 
ing 10 miles to their encampment. They took one of my 
guides, which gave them notice of my approach : I proceeded 
within thirty steps of them ; but being unacquainted with 
the grounds, advanced very cautiously. The sentinel, how- 
ever, discovered my party, and iiring upon us, retreated. 
They secured themselves under cover of the houses, and 
fences ; the firing then began ; and continued on both sides 
for the space of four hours ; being very cloudy and dark — 
during which time I had one man killed, and six wounded ; 
and the guide, before mentioned, taken pi'isoner ; whom they 
killed next morning in cold blood. What injury they suf- 
fered, I could not learn ; As the morning appeared, we re- 
treated, and returned again to Deep River ; leaving our 
wounded men at a friend's house, privately. 

The Rebels then kept a constant scouting, and their num- 
bers was so great, that we had to lay still for sometime ; and 
when Collier and Balfour left the settlement, he the said 
Colonel Dudley, before mentioned, took the place with 300 
men from Yirginia. He took a negro man from me and 
sold him at public auction for 110 pounds; the said negro 
was sent over the mountains, and I never saw him since. 
At length they all began to scatter ; and we to embody. 
William Elwood being jelous of my taking too much com- 
mand of the men, and in my absence, one day, he persuaded 
them that I was a going to make them regular soldiers, and 
cause them to be attached to Col. John Hamilton's" Regi- 
ment ; and vindicated it, by an advertisement, that I had_ 
handed to several of the Loyalists ; that I thought had tlie 
greatest influence with the Loyalists. He so prevailed with 



[18] 

the common sort, that when I came to camp I found most of 
my men gone ; I, then, declared I never would go on an- 
other, scout, until there was a Field OiScer. The majority 
chose me ; They, then, drew up a petition to the command- 
ing officer of the King's troops. 

A general meeting of the Loyalists was now called, in 
order, for to appoint a commanding officer of the Militia ; it 
was still determined that I should be the person. I accord- 
ingly set off, for Wilmington, being 160 miles, with a petition 
of the people, to the officer commanding, at that post, for his 
approbation. On my arrival there Major Craig, who com- 
manded, treated me, with every respect, and approved of said 
petition ; and gave a commission as Col. of the Randolph and 
Chatham Militia — a copy of which is hereunto annexed. 

" By James Henry Craigg, Esqr. ; Major in his Majesty's 

S2d Reg. commanding a detachment of the King's Troops 

in North Carolina, &c., &c. 

To David Fanning, Esqr. 

These are to appoint you, to be Colonel of the Loyal 
Militia, in Randolph, and Chatham, Counties, who are di- 
rected to obey you, as such, in all lawful commands, what- 
soever ; and you are authorized to grant commissions to 
the. necessary persons of known attachment to his Majesty's 
person, and Government, to act as Captains and subalterns 
to the different companies of Militia aforesaid. As Colonel, 
you are hereby fully impowered to assemble the militia, and 
lead them against any parties of Rebels, or others; the 
King's enemies, as often as necessary — to compel all per- 
sons whatsoever to join you — to seize and disai-m, and when 
necessary to detain, in confinement, all Rebels or others, 
acting against his Majesty's Gov't ; and to do all other acts 
becoming a King's officer, and good subject. . 

Given at Wilmington, this 5th July, 1781. 

J. H. Ceaigg, 
Major, Comma7iding the King's Troops^ 



[19 ] 

On the 12th July, I returned from "Wilmington, and 
ordered a general Muster ; and then gave the following 
commission to the gentlemen hereinafter named of their 
respective companies. 

By David Fanning Esq 
ColonM of the Loyal Militia of No Ca. 

To Grreeting 

Having received sufficient testimony of your Loyalty and 
Zeal for his Majesty's Service and relying on your courage 

and good conduct I do hereby appoint you to be 

of a company in the district of .- You are, 

therefore, diligently and carefully to discharge the duty 
of such ; obeying all orders and directions, which you may 
receive from time to time, from any superior officers, in 
his Majesty's Service, and all others ; The inferior officers 
of his Majesties subjects, of that and every other company 

are directed and requested to obey you as of 

said company. 

Given under my hand at Coxe's Mill this 1781. 

David Fanning 
Col. Comi'g his Majesties Loyal Malitia, c&g. 



The names of the Officers of Randoljph County., as they was 
commissioned in their different companies 

1. John Eains, Capt. 16 July, (promoted maj'r 13 Oct. 1781. 
"William Kains, Lt. 

Thomas Donnelly Ensign. 
John Spinks Ser. Maj. 

2. Geo. Kains, Capt. In Charleston at the peace. 
Ebenezer WoUaston, Lt. do.. 

Eobt. Kains Ensign - - in N. C. 

3. "Wm. Fincannon, Capt. in N. C, now 
Kich'd Bird, Lieut. - - do. 
Cornelius Latham, Ensign do. 



[20] 

4th. Michael Eobens Capt. last account in N. C. 
"William HUlis, Lt. in Florida at the peace. 
Daniel Brown, Ensign, killed in N. C. by the Kebels. 

5. Eobert Turner,'" Capt. in K C. 
Absolem Autrey, Lt. in Florida. 
"Wm. King, Ens. joined the Eebels. 

6. Stephen Walker, Capt. - murdered. 
Frederick Smith, Lt. hanged at Hillsboro, for his loy- 
alty. 

"Wm Hunsueker, Ens. do. do. 

7. Jos. Currie, Capt. In Florida at the peace. 
Benj. Shields, Lt. in K C. 
Jas. Eains, Ens. in S. C. 



The names of the Officers of the different Companies in Cha- 
tham County. 

8. Thomas Dark Capt. Hanged at Hillsboro for his loy- 

alty. 

"Wm. Hoocker Lt. Murdered by the EebelS. 

Henry Eamsour Ens. In Charleston S. C. at the peace. 

9. "Wm. Lindley, Capt. Murdered by the Eebels. 
"Wm. Peles, Lt. "Went to Penns. 
"Wm. McPherson, Ens. In Charleston. 

10. Sam'l Dark, Capt. At last account in IST. C. 
James EUett, Lt. Drowned in Florida 
Thos. Ellett Ensign. In Florida 

11. Benj. Underwood Capt., late in New Brunswick 

Fred. Smith, Lt, in N. C. 

Adam Smith, Ens. " " 

12. "Wm. Deaton Capt. Killed in battle on the day after 

the rebel. Gov. Burke was taken. 
"Wm. Carr Lt. In "West Indies 

John Erwen, Ens. Florida. 



[21] 

13. Martin Kendrick Capt. N. C. 

Thos. McDowell rebel Capt. 

Wm. Brown joined the Bebels 



Names of Officers in Orange co. 

14. Rich'd Edwards, Capt. Killed in battel 
Edward Edwards, Lieut. ^ do 13th Sept. 
Thos. Estwick, Ensign — 

15. Stephen HoUoway, Capt. Killed in battle 
John Hastings, Lieut. Now in N. C. 
Ab'm Nelson. Ens. 



The names of the Officers in the different Companies in Cum- 
ierland County. 

16. John Cagle, Capt. Hanged by the Rebels at P. D. 
Jacob Maunep, Lieut. In N. C. 
Win. Dunn, Ensign 

17. Meriday Edwards Capt. East Florida 
Reuben Shields, Lieut. N. C. 
Wm. Hancock, Ens. 

18. Alex. Mclver, Capt. 

Murdock Martin, Lt England 

19. "Wm. McLoud, Capt. 
Alex'r McLoud, Lt. 



The names of the Officers in Anson county. 

20. Wm. Price, Capt. Killed by the Rebels. 
Wm. Fanning Lt. hanged. 

21. Wm. McKnight Capt. Murdered. 
Stephen Phillips Lt., in S. C. 

22. Abner Smally Capt. in Burke Co. N. C. 
Jos. Hodge, Lt. murdered by the Rebels. 



[ 22 ] 

Those gentlemen had their appointment from Major 
Ferguson in So. Ca. in July 1Y80, but joined all according 
to their dates. 

On my return to Deep Kiver I immediately caused a gen- 
eral Muster of the Loyalists, which I collected to the amount 
of 160 men, but finding them deficient in arms I dis- 
charged all of them except 53, which I appointed fully ; 
out of which, I collected from the whole, and ordered the 
rest, to be ready to join me when I called for them, I, also, 
gave the foregoing commissions, to the different officers set 
forth, who rendered many services to the British Govern- 
ment, during the late war, who singulared themselves with 
me in the interior parts of that rebellious Country, and 
subdued the greatest part of the province ; so far that the 
worst of Rebels came to me, beging protection for them- 
selves, and property. The exertions of myself, and the 
other officers had the whole country under the protection of 
the British government, until long after the surrender of 
Lord Cornwallis, and the evacuation of "Wilmington ; and 
after all the British Troops was called to their different 
posts on the Sea shore. 

I continued acting in the interior parts of l^orth Caroli- 
na, and was like to obtain a truce with the Rebels in the 
heart of the country. Those people have been induced to 
brave every danger and difficulty during the late war, 
rather than render any service to the Kebels — their proper- 
ties real and personal, taken to support their enemies — the 
fatherless and widows stripped, and every means of support 
taken from them — their houses and lands and all personal 
property taken, and no resting place, could be found for 
them. As to place them in their former possessions, is im- 
possible — stripped of their property, driven from their 
Houses; deprived of their wives and child ren—robbed of 
a free and mild government— betrayed and deserted by 
their friends, what can repay them, for the misery ? Drag- 



[23] 

ging out a wre'tched life of obscurity and want, Heaven, 
only, whicli smooths the rugged paths, can reconcile them 
to misfortune. Numbers of them left their wives and 
children in North Carolina, not being able to send for 
them ; and now in the west Indies and other parts of the 
world for refuge, and not returned to their families yet. 
Some of them, that returned, under the act of oblivion 
passed in 1783, was taken to Hillsboro, and hanged for 
their past services that they rendered the Government 
whilst under my command. I am fully sensible of the 
good designs that government intends for the Loyalists in 
so repeatedly renewing the act. I can solemnly declare 
that, I think. Major John Eains; and Capt. George Rains 
two of the diservingest officers that ever acted in America 
during the' late war, either in the provintial or Militia ; and 
to my certain knowledge John Rains had two Mills burnt ; 
three dwelling Houses and besides a barn, and property to- 
tally taken away. I have given a direct account of the 
officers opposite their names as I possibly can ; also their 
promotions and deaths. What I have set forth, I will 
forever vindicate. Besides other officers of other counties 
that joined me at different times, and places, as I shall 
refer to, in other parts of my Journal ; in particular Col. 
Arch McDugald" and Samuel Andrews who joined me 
several times. Given at Kings County New Brunswick 
Nov 29th 1789. 



The Rebels on the same day held a general muster at 
Chatham Court House, about twenty-five miles, where I 
had assembled, and the day following were to call a court- 
martial for the trial of several Loyalists, who had refused 
to bear arms, in opposition to government. Upon receiv- 
ing this intelligence I proceeded, towards the Court House, 
17 miles, that night, with the men I had named ; and the 
7 



[24] 

morning following, by 7 o'clock, I arrived there. I sur- 
rounded the place, -where they were. I expected to find 
naembers of the Court Martial, but they had dispersed the 
evening before, and were for to meet at 8 o'clock. I then 
posted pickets on every road, and within the space of two 
hours, took 53 prisoners — among them, the Colonel, Major 
and all the militia ofi&cers of the county, except two, who 
had not attended ; and also one Continental Captain, with 
three of their delegates of the General Assembly. I imme- 
diately marched them to Coxe's Mill, and paroUed all except 
14, who I knew were violent against the government. Those 
I conducted to Wilmington and delivered to Major Craigg. 
I then represented to Major Craigg that with his approba- 
tion, I would establish certain regulations for the conduct 
of the militia ; which he approved of ; and he was oblig- 
ing enough, on my giving them to him to correct, and con- 
firm ; the following rules, which were printed and distributed 
in the countrj'. 

RULES and REGULATIONS for ilie well governing the 
loyal Militia of the Province of North Carolina : 

1st. No person to be admitted a militia man until he 
taked the oath of Allegiance to his Majesty, which is al- 
ways to be done before the senior officer of the Eegiment 
on the spot. 

2d. All persons ouce enrolled, in a Militia company, and 
having taken the oath above mentioned, will be considered 
as entitled to every privilege and protection of a British 
subject, on being detected joining the Eebels, will be treat- 
ed, as a deserter, and traitor. 

3d. Every militia man is to repair, without fail or ex- 
cuse, except sickness, at the time appointed, to the place 
assigned by his Col'n or Capt. with his arms, and accour- 
trements, and is not to quit his company, on any pretence 



[25] 

whatever, without tli-e knowledge and permission, of his 
Captain or commanding officer. 

4th. The Col'n of every County has full power to call 
iis Regiment together, and march them when necessary 
for his Majesty's service ; the Captain of each company has 
also power, to assemhle his company, when any sudden 
emergency renders it necessary, and which he is to report 
as soon as possible to his Colonel. 

6th. Mutual assistance is to be given on all occations ; 
but' so it is impossible to give positive directions on this sub- 
ject, it is left to the discretion of the Colonels of Regiments, 
who must be answerable that, their reasons, for not afford- 
ing assistance when required, are sufficient. 

6th. "When the Militia of different counties are embo- 
died, the senior officer is to Command ; Colonels of Regi- 
ments are immediately to determine, the present rank of 
their Captains, in which, regard is to be had to seniority of 
commission or service. In cases of vacancies; the Colo- 
nels may grant temporary commissions, till recourse can be 
had to the Commanding officer of the King's troops. 

7th. The men are to understand, that in what relates to 
the service they are bound to obey all officers, though not 
immediately belonging to their own companies. 

8th. Court Martials may sit by the appointment of the 
Colonel or Commanding officer ; and must consist for the 
trial of an officer, of aU the officers of the Regiment he 
belongs, except the Col'o or Commanding officer, and 
for the trial of a non Commissioned Officer or Private, of 2 
Captains, 2 subalterns and 3 privates — the latter to belong 
to the same company, as the person to be tried. The eld- 
. est Captain to preside ; and the sentence of the Court, to be 
determined by plurality of votes; and approved by the 
Commanding Officer, 

9th. No Colonel is to supercede an officer without trial ; 
but he may suspend him 'till he can be tried. 



[26] 

10th. Qniting camp without permission, disobedience of 
orders, neglect of duty, plundering, and all irregularities 
and disorder to be punished at the discretion of a Court 
Martial, coustituted as above mentioned ; and by the ap- 
probation of the Col'n or Commanding officer ; who. has 
power to pardon, or remit, any part of a punishment, but 
not to increase or alter it. 

11th. Every man must take the strictest care of his arras, 
and ammunition ; and have them always ready for service. 

12th. When the Militia is not embodied, they are at all 
times to be attentive to the motions of the Kebels; and im- 
mediately to acquaint the nearest Officer of any thing he 
may discover, who is to communicate it to his Col'n or other 
Officers as may be requisite. 

13th. It is the duty of every person professing allegi- 
ance to his Majesty to communicate to tlie Commanding 
Officer of the nearest British port any intelligence he can 
procure of the assembling or moving of any bodies of Reb- 
els. Persons emph)yed on this occasion shall always be paid. 

14th. Col'ns of Eegts. may assemble any number of their 
men, they think necessary to be posted in particular spots 
of their districts — their time of service on these occasions 
is to be limited; and they are at the expiration to be re- 
lieved, by others. Great care is to be taken that no par- 
tiality is shown, that each take an equal proportion of duty ; 
for which purpose alpliabetical rolls are to be kept, by 
which the men are to be warned. Every Capt. to keep an 
account of the number of days each man of his company 
serves. 

The strict observance of the above regulations, is strongly 
recommended as the best means of the King's faithful sub- 
jects manifest superiority over the rebel militia ; and insure 
them, that success their zeal and spirit in the cause of their 
country entitles them to expect. 

Head Quarters, Wilmington 25 Sept. 1781. 



[27 J 

I thought proper to administer the following oath of 
Allegiance Unto those people I was dubious of. " I — ^A B — 
do swear on the Holy Evangelists of Almighty God to bear 
true allegiance to our Sovereign Lord, King George the 
3d ; and to uphold the same. I do voluntarily promise for 
to serve as Militia, under any officers appointed over me ; 
and that I will when lawfully warned by our said officers 
assemble at any place by them directed in case of danger ; 
in the space of 8 hours- I will go with my arms and accou- 
trements in good order, to supress any rebels or others, the 
King's enemies ; that I will not at any time do, or cause to 
be done any thing prejudicial to his majesty's goverment; 
or suffer any intercourse, or correspondence, with the ene- 
mies thereof; that I will make known any plot, or plots, 
any wise inimical to his Majesty's forces, or loyal subjects, 
by me discovei'ed, to his majesty's officers contigious, and it 
shall not exceed, six hours, before the said is discovered, if 
health and distance permit. This I do solemnly swear and 
promise to defend in all cases, whatsoever. So help me, 
God !" 

I then returned to the head of Little River, on my way 
to Coxe's Mill : where I was met by two men, who informed 
me that the Rebels had separated into two small parties; 
thinking I should never return frm. Wilmington : I passed 
on and got intelligence of Ool. Altstine lying on the banks 
of Deep River, with a party of 25 men. We marched all 
that day and night following ; and just as the day dawned, 
wc advanced in three divisions, up to a house, they had 
thrown themselves into. On our approach, we fired upon 
the house, as I was determined to make examples of them, 
for behaving in the manner they had dope, to one of my 
pilots, by name, Kenneth Black. They returned our fire, 
and the action continued upwards of 3 hours, when after 
killing four of them, and wounding all the rest, except three, 
they sent out a flag to stirrender. Col. Altine's lady beging 



[28] 

their lives. On her solicitation, I concluded to grant her 
request; and after the capitulation I gave the following 
paroles to Col. Philip Alstane and his men. 

'' I do hereby acknowledge myself a Prisoner of war, upon 
my parole, to His Excellency Sir Henry Clinton, and that I 
am hereby engaged till I shall be exchanged, or otherwise 
released therefrom, to proceed immediately to my planta- 
tion on Dunnam's Creek, Cumberland county (or else- 
where) No Carolina, there to remain ; or within five miles 
thereof — and that I shall not in the mean time, do, or cause 
any thing to be done, prejudicial to the success of his Majes- 
ty's arms ; nor have any intercourse or hold correspondence 
with the enemies of his Majesty — and that upon a summons 
from his Excellency, or other Person having authority thereto, 
that I will surrender myself up to him or them, at such time 
and place as shall hereafter be required. 

Philip Ax,stini5 
Cumberland County, Col'n. 

Deep JRiver j July 29^A, 1781. 
"Witness ; David Fanning, CoVo Covt'g Loyal Militia 



In the course of this affair, we had two men killed, and 
four wounded, who afterwards recovered. A party of Reb- 
els appeared in sight a little time after the firing began ; but 
they did not approach to afford Col. Altstone any support. 
When the action was over, they ran off; and our horses 
being quite fatigued, rendered it impossible for me, to persue 
them. I then persued my route to Cox's Mill, where on 
mj arrival I gave twelve hours leave to the men ; after de- 
taching a sufficient number for the necessary guards, to go 
to their respective homes. Immediately after that, I heard 
that a wagon loaded with salt for the use of the rebel army 
had passed about 12 hours. I took eight men with me, and 
after a chace of 16 miles I overtook her, and conducted it 



[29 ] 

back to Coxe's Mill. On my return I found that Major 
Kains, had been attacked by a party of 150 rebels ; who had 
attempted to secui-e the fort of Deep River, at Coxe's Mill ; 
however it was without success. He had one man wounded, 
and several horses, in the attack. On my approach, they 
retreated. They then sent a flag with offers of peace. I 
returned for answer, " I was determined to make peace with 
the sword — or otherwise till they should become subjects of 
Great Britain." My men now being collected to the amount 
of 140, who by this time were well armed, and liearing noth- 
ing further from them, the next morning, we marched to the 
place, where I had been informed they were ; but found 
them gone off. I dipcovered some of their scouts, but on 
firing on them, they took to the woods. I heard, that they 
had marched and joined another party of 250 men, com- 
manded by Colonels Paisley and Balfour. Upon which I 
returned to Coxe's Mill ; I sent out spies that night, who 
returned before morning and informed me that the two rebel 
parties had joined, being about 400 in number and en- 
camped at Brown's plantation, about two miles up the 
River on the opposite side. I dispatched a flag to them, ac- 
quainting them, as before, of my determination, in support of 
Government, and proposed a meeting of both parties to deter- 
mine the matter by force of arms; at the same time acquaint- 
ing them, that the ill treatment of some prisoners they had 
taken a little time before, had determined me to retaliate in 
case, an end was not put to it ; I directed the flag to Major 
Cage, who commanded at the time before, and I received the 
following answer. 

" SiE, I received yours by a flag, and can assure you that 
I should be as sony as any person living to misuse a pris- 
oner; but at the sam-e ti^me, I think it is my duty to oppose 
my enemies, and if any of your men should fall into my 
hands I shall endeavour to use what influence I can to have 
them treated as prisoners ; and I hope you will do the same. 



[ 30] 

I must also inform yon, that I am not the commanding 
oflBeer; if I was, I should immediately return you, an an- 
swer ; As your letter was not directed to the commanding 
officer, he will not undertake it. You will direct to him, Col- 
O'neal is Commander at present. 

I am, Tours, &c. &c. Wm. Cage. 

Aug. M, 1781 ; 

To Col. David Fanning. 

I also received a message from Col. O'neal that whenever 
they met, they would fight me, but not by an immediate 
appointment ; I directly ordered a march and proceeded to 
the place where I was informed by the Bearer of the flag 
they lay encamped ; but on my arrival there, they had 
marched off; and from intelligence I had procured, I had 
reason to suppose they was gone to Salesbury to get rein- 
forced, by General Eutherford. I then concluded, to go, to 
Wilmington for a supply of ammunition ; finding my stock 
began to grow low, I got to Cross Creek on the 11th of 
August; and early in the morning following crossed the 
Cape Fear River, when Maj. Samuel Andrews joined me 
with his company and scouted through all the rebel settle- 
ments, on the north side of the River ; and took a number 
of prisoners, arms and horses. I also discovered where 25 
barrels of Salt was concealed ; designed for the rebel army. 
I distroyed it ; and then marched down the side ; and came to 
a plantation belonging to a Capt. Robertson — which I 
burned ; From thence I marched to bis brother's Col. Rob- 
ertson, which served in the same manner. On my march, 1 
took several prisoners, whom I parolled, except 20 ; those I 
delivered to Capt. Legett," then commanding at Wilming- 
ton ; where I arrived on the 24:th. Having got supplied 
with ammunition, I proceeded up the country on the 26th. — 
On my arrival at Elizabethtown, I found Col. Slingsbee, of 
the Loyal Militia of Bladen county, with a number of pa- 
roled rebels, in his camp. I disapproved of keeping them, 



[31 ] 

there, and told him I thought it imprudent, and unsafe. The 
event proved so; for that night, they, having arms con- 
cealed, fired upon his camp, and wounded him mortally. 
Five Captains also were wounded, some of whom died after- 
wards of their wounds. The day ft)llowing I arrived at Mc 
Falls mills about 60 miles, where I dispatched 90 of my men 
back, to' render assistance, on receiving the unfortunate ac- 
counts of Col. Slingsbee's misfortune; but it was too late; as 
the rebels had taken to the woods and got off. 

I had information of the rebel, Col'n "Wade with 450 
militia, was, then, on his march to attack Col. McNeal, who 
had assembled TO of, the loyal militia of Bladen, and then 
lay on the side of Drowning Creek. I instantly dispatched, 
an express, to know his situation, and offering assistance ; in 
three hours, I received for answer, he would be glad to see 
me, and my party. I marched directly, and by day light, 
arrived with 155 men. Our pickets was fired upon ; and 
retreated into camp, having exchanged several shots with 
those of the Kebels. We had information they were crossing 
a bridge on Drowning Creek, about three miles off, when 
the pickets fired on them ; and that there was 420 men 
crossed that bridge. I immediately ordered all my men to 
arms, and counted them ; which in number was 225, horse 
and foot ; I then marched immediately to attack them ; 
when I formed my little party I left great vacancies in order 
to appear as numerous as possible, and to prevent their turn- 
ing my flanks. We attacked them at 11 o'clock ; and en- 
gaged them an hour and a half ; on my ordering a charge ; 
they retreated. We persued them 7 miles and took 54 
prisoners ; 4 of which died that night. On our return we 
found 19 dead ; and the next day, several came in and sur- 
rendered, all of whom were wounded, and we had reason to 
suppose that several died in the swamps, by accounts, we 
received from those who came in afterwards. Our loss was 
only 5 men wounded ; one of which died ; and 5 Horses 



[ 32 ] 

killed ; besides a few wounded. We took 250 horses ; most 
of which were loaded with effects they had plundered from 
the friends of Government ; and as I had formerly ordered 
that whoever found concealed goods, of any kind should keep 
them ; I also now ordered that every man should keep that 
he had taken that day, after mounting and equipping those 
50 ; who were not mounted in the action. I then paroUed 
the prisoners, except 30, which I sent to Wilmington, under 
a guard of Col. McTsTeal's men. Then, with my party, I 
marched that evening to Little Eiver, 16 miles from mcFalls 
mill ; where the party returned, which had gone to Col'n 
Slingsby's assistance. .The day following, I arrived at Coxe's 
Mill, where I issued the tbllowing advertisement ; and circu- 
lated it through the country — 

"ADVEETISEME:tfT. 
This is to let all persons know, that do not make ready 
and repair immediately to camp, that their property shall 
be seized, and sold at public sale ; and if they are taken, and 
brought into camp they shall be sent to Wilmington, as 
prisoners, and there, remain, as such, in the provost ; and be 
considered as Eebels ; also, if any rebel is willing to surren- 
der and come in he shall reap the benefit of a subject. 

David Fanning 
Camp Coxe's mill \ CuVo Com^g loyal Militia 

6th Sep 1781 f 

On the 9th of Sept. I was joined by Col'n McDugald of 
the Loyal Militia of Cumberland County, with 200 men ; 
and Col. Hector McNiel," with his party from Bladen of 70 
men ; and in consequence of my advertisement I had also 
435, who came in ; and many found me afterwards. 

I had previously determined within myself to take the 
Eebel, Governor Burke of North Carolina and I had a con- 
versation with Maj. Craigg, on the subject. I now thought 
it, a favourable opportunity, as I found myself at the head of 



[ ^'^ ] 

950 men of my own Regiment ; exclusive of McDugald and 
McNiel's regiments. I acquainted Major Raines, of my 
resolution, who approved of it. The rebel General John 
Butler, and Col. Robert Maybin of the Continental line, lay 
within 40 miles of our encampment, on the Cape Fear River. 
It was supposed by my officers, that I intended to attack 
them. After marching 16 miles to Rocky River, I went a 
little distance, out of my road, to a friends house, for intelli- 
gence, of the situation of the Rebels; during which time, 
the guide led my little army about two miles out of the way, 
towards General Butler. On my return, I was under the 
necessity of making my intentions known ; and immediately 
directed my march to Hillsboro ; I pushed all that day and 
the following night ; At 7 o'clock on the morning of the 12th 
we entered the town in three divisions, and received several 
shots from different houses ; — however, we lost none and suf- 
fered no damage, except one man wounded. We killed, 
fifteen, of the Rebels, and wounded twenty ; and took up- 
wards of two hundred prisoners ; amongst them was the 
Governor, his Council, and part of the Continental Colonels, 
several captains and subalterns, and seventy one continental 
soldiers out of a church. We proceeded to the Goal, and 
released thirty Loyalists, and British soldiers ; one of which, 
was to have been hanged on that day. About 12 o'clock, I 
left Hillsboro; and proceeded Eighteen miles that night 
towards Coxe's Mill ; in the morning I persued my march 
about Eight miles further, to Lindsey's Mill on Cane Creek ; 
where Gen'l Butler and a party of rebels had concealed 
themselves. Col'n McNeal, who had the advanced guard, 
had neglected to take the necessary precautions for our 
safety, and by inlbrmation of Capt. McLain Cumberland 
county. Little River ; and as soon as I had discovered the situa- 
tion, we were in, and having so great a number of prisoners, 
I left my station, and pushed for the advanced guard ; on 
my coming up with Col'n McNeal, I inquired the reason of 



[ 31 ] 

his neglect ; and before he could answer, we were fired upon 
bv the rebels. They killed Eight men, among them was 
Col'n MciS'eal, who received three balls through him, and 
five through his horse. I then ordei'ed a retreat back to 
where I left the prisoners, and after securing them, I made 
the necessary preparations to attack the enemy ; and after 
engaging them four hours they retreated. I lost twenty 
seven men killed, and sixty, so badly wounded, that they 
could not be moved ; besides thirty slightly, but so, that they 
could keep up with our main body. At the conclusion of 
this action, I received a shot in my left arm, which broke 
the bone in several pieces ; my loss of blood was so great, 
that I was taken off my horse, and led to a secret place in 
the w.jods. I then sent Lieut. Woleston, to my little army, 
for Col'n Arch McDugald, and Major John Rains and Lt 
Corn Arch McKay, to take command ; to send to Wil- 
mington for assistance, as I was not able to take any com- 
mand. I also desired that Major Rains should return as 
soon as he could leave Col. McDugald ; as I thought he 
might be the means of saving me from the hand of my ene- 
mies. These gentlemen conducted themselves in such a 
manner, I think they deserve the applause of every loyal 
subject, both for their valour and good conduct, as Col'n May- 
bin and Gen'l Butler persti«d them all the way until they 
met Major Craigg coming to their assistance. They made 
their march good for 160 miles and never lost one prisoner, 
but introduced Thos. Burk, their Governor, and his regiment 
of rebels, to Major Craigg ; who very well accepted them ; and 
Major Craigg introduced his Excellency, and Regiment, to 
the Provost Master. I am informed by letters from Col. Arch 
McDugal, dated 6th Aug. 1789 that no provision has been 
made for him yet. Also, Major Rains, the 2d of Oct'r 1789. 
But I am in hopes when the Government comes to be informed, 
of the many services that they have done, they will consider 
them, and make some allowance for them. I am personally 



[35 ] 

acquainted with their services. Major John Rains, was the 
first man, that took up arms within North Carolina ; and the 
last man with me, and took an active part in command in 
six and thirty skirmishes in N. C. (also Capt. George Eains.) 

At the departure of my little army, I was left with three 
men ; and in four days 17 more came to my assistance. I 
made enquiry respecting the loss of the Rebels, in the late 
action ; and found that the inhabitants had buried 24, and 
that the wounded they had left were 90, Besides those that 
went off and that my party had taken 10 prisoners. Of 
the number of the killed was Col'o Guttrell, and Major 
Knowles, who were inveterate enemies to the Loyalists. 

The party we had engaged I found to have consisted of 
four hundred Continentals under the command of Col'o May- 
bin and Gen'l Butler. In twenty four days, I found my- 
self able to set up, and then dispatched, four of my Cap- 
tains Hooker, Rains, Knight, and Lindly, to Wilmington 
for a supply of ammunition ; and before their return, I had 
sent out, and embodied 140 men, during which time I heard 
of a quantity of leather, which was prepared for the use of 
the rebel army, and was ordered for Gen'l Green's quarters 
at Camden. I went to the place, and finding the leather 
agreeable to my information, I took enough thereof to equip 
the company completely, and ordered the rest to- be de- 
stroyed. On my return to Brush Creek, near where I had 
been secreted during my illness, occasioned by my wounds, I 
sent out spies for discovery. Two of them returned, in less 
than an hour, with information of six hundred rebels, who 
were advancing for to attack me. But they proved no more 
than lYO. Their accounts disheartened a number of my 
men. From my being in so weak a state, they apprehended 
I would not be able, to command them. However they 
lifted me, on my horse, and I formed my men there in two 
ranks and showed two fronts, as they appeared both in my 
front and rear ; the fire continued for near an hour. I lost 



[36] 

three men killed, and three badly wounded. The rebels had 
one killed, and several wounded. Then they retreated ; and 
rallied and attacked again, after retreating, about a mile, 
which was so unexpected, that I concluded they had been 
reinforced. I then retreated ; but without loss, except my 
baggage. I, then, separated my men into small parties, 
until the arrival of the four officers, I had dispatched for 
ammunition, to Wilmington, who brought the following 
letter from Maj'r Craigg, with 5000 catridges ; 

Wilmington IStk Oct 1781 
" Deak Sie : 

Tour letter gave me infinite satisfaction from the favour- 
able accounts, it contained of your health, and the proba- 
bility of your soon being restored to that service, in which 
you have done so much to your honour. I beg you to ac- 
cept for myself, and convey to those of your officers whom I 
have not yet seen, my warmest thanks for their gallantry and 
good behaviour. I enclose you the commission you desired 
for Major Rains, who I am persuaded will endeavour to 
answer your warm recommendations. I have been unfortu- 
nate enough to lose, the list of medicines you sent for ; how- 
ever I desired, the Surgeon, to send you such as he thinks, 
most likely to be serviceable to you ; though from his not 
being acquainted with your case, is all by guess — I am much 
concerned to find the probabilities of so many of your peo- 
ple suffering from want of attendance or necessaries. No- 
thing shall be wanting in my power, either in that respect or 
that of salt for their relief. I am not at liberty to explain 
myself in a letter, but I hope I shall very soon have it in my 
power to assist you with greater care than at present. The 
moment I returned here, I was informed of the circumstances 
of the stallion you mention. I determined it in your favour, 
and took him away from Mr. Campbell, or rather from a 
gentleman whom he had sold him to. He has been with my 



[37] 

horses ever since, and never rode. I now send hina to you 
by Capt. Liveley. 

The long northerly winds, has prevented any arrivals from 
Charleston, so that we are totally without news. 
I wish I had got Mr. Burke's papers. — 
I am with much regard. 

Your most ob't faithful servant 

J. H. Ceaigg 

The following is a copy of the letter I received of Col- 
onel Edmond Fanning'" of the King's Americans" 

The nam,es of the Officers of Cumberland county who acted 
under Colo. McDugald, as they was commissioned in their 
different companies ; who were with Ttie, at the talcing of 
Hillsboro : 

Archibald McDugald, Colo. 
Archibald McKay ; Lieut. Colo. 

The names of the Officers of Bladen county who acted under 
Lt. Colo. Hector^ McNeal. 

Hector McNeal ; Lt. Colo. 
John Watson ; Major ; 

The names of the Gentlemen Officers loho cam.e as Volunteers 
from Wihnington, for recreation, a7id to explore the 
country, and was at the taking of Hillsborough with me j 

Alexander McCraw, Capt. of Govr. Martin's Regt. 
Daniel McDonald, Lieut. do. do. 

Malcom McKay, Ensign do. do. 

John McKenzie, Capt. 
Hector McNeal. 
Charles Campbell. 
James Dawson. 



[38 j 

Sometime after the receipt of the foregoing letter I inter- 
cepted an express bound for Gen. Greene's Camp, which was 
at that time near the lines not far fi-om Charleston ; amongst 
which was Lord Comwallis's capitulation, which I have since 
lost. We continued in small parties until Major Craigg 
evacuated Wilmington, when one day I took a man with 
me to go for intelligence and to provide oats for the party I 
kept with me. When at a house I spied a party of thirty 
rebels, coming towards said house ; where I was. We in- 
stantly mounted, and rode off. On my return to my men, I 
ordered, sixteen of them, to mount ; and went back to the 
house we had left, but found them gone off. I persued them 
about sixteen miles ; when we came up, with them. We 
killed three of them and wounded two ; who I took prison- 
ers. I had no loss or accident on our part. 

I had now certain intelligence of Maj. Craigg's evacuating 
Wilmington ; and that the rebels in consequence of it, had 
separated into small parties, and returning home ; and for 
the space of fourteen or fifteen days, I fell in with, and took 
more or less of them every day. During which time I had 
information, of a Capt. Kennedy and his party, who had 
taken a number of horses and a quantity of household furni- 
ture. I followed him about five miles, and after a smart 
firing, took him and eight of his party, ^vith the booty they 
had plundered. He gave intelligence that a Capt. Lopp 
with a party of sixty men, who had been discharged by Genl. 
Kutherford were on their way up the country. The said 
Capt. Kennedy (Cannady) all the time of our attacking Lopp 
stood and looked on ; and as he declared that he would not 
make his escape, neither would he let any of his men inter- 
fere, if we di-ove oft' Capt. Lopp. I left him in a house with 
only two men, to guard Eleven, and found them all there. 
The guard informed me that he would not let any of his 
party make their escape. He proved so much to his honour, 
that I gave him up one of his horses, saddle, and bridle ; and 



[ 39 ] 

paroled him with all his men. I had at this time but thir- 
teen men, with me at a House near the road where they were 
to pass. I mounted my men, and placed them in conceal- 
ment along the road. On their coming np, I ordered them 
to fire, and then for to charge ; which we did, three times, 
through them; they immediately dispersed through the 
woods; it being nearly dark, we could not tell what injujy 
they suflPered. 

On the 10th of Dec'r Colo. Isaacs came down from the 
mountains, with a party of Three Hundred men ; and formed 
his camp at Coxe's Mill, in the settlement I had formerly 
ranged in ; in order to take me ; where he continued nearly 
three months, during which time the following proclamation 
was issued. 

" State of North Caeolina 

By the Hon. Alexander Martin, Esqr Speaker of the Senate, 

Captain General, Governor and Commander in Chief in 

and over the said State. 

Whereas divers of citizens of this State, have been deluded 
by the wicked artificies of our enemies, & have revolted 
and withdrawn themselves from the faith and allegiance, 
which before God, they plighted to owe their country, and 
treacherously have taken up arms against the same ; being 
convinced that they have been betrayed by false hopes, sup- 
ported by deceit, and now find themselves deserted by our 
feeble and despairing enemy, and left unprotected to the 
vengeance of the State, to inflict those punishments due to 
their crimes ; and in tender compassion to the feelings of 
humanity to spare such who are willing to return, and to 
stay the hand of •execution, in the unnecessary efi\ision of the 
blood of citizens who may be reclaimed, I have thought fit 
to issue this my proclamation of pardon to such of the above 
persons, who may surrender themselves before the 10th day 
of march next, on this express condition, that they inime- 
9 



[ 40 ] 

diately enlist in the Continental battalions; and render a 
personal service for twelve months after the time of their 
rendezvous at head-quarters, and having faithfully performed 
the same for the said term, it shall be deemed as having ex- 
piated their offences and be entitled to, and be restored to the 
priviledges of citizens. AU Officers finding men of this 
class, guilty of murder, robbery, and house breaking, to be 
precluded, from the above, notwithstanding ; and I do hereby 
require the Honourable the Judges of the Superior Courts of 
law, of oyer and terminer, and general jail delivery, and all 
©fficers, civil, and military, within the State to take notice of 
this my proclamation; and govern themselves accordingly. 
Given under my hand and seal of arms at 'Halifax this 25th 
of December 1781, and in the sixth year of our Independence. 

Alexaijdee Martin 
By his Excellency's command 

John Hawkins, Dy. See'y 

" God save the State." 



During Col'o Isaacs's stay at Coxe's Mill, he ravaged the 
whole settlement, and burnt and distroyed a number of 
houses belonging to the friends of the Government. — 
They frequently applied to me privately for advice. I I'e- 
commended it to them if possible, to remain, neutral ; and 
make their peace ; as it was entirely out of my power for to 
protect or relieve them. A Capt. Stinson of this party 
took one of my men, named, David Jackson," and hung 
him up without ceremony. A few days before Colo. Isaac's 
departure froni Coxe's Mills, he sent out notice for the 
friends of the government to meet him, and he would give 
them protection agreeable to proclamation ; But on their 
assembling, he made them prisoners of war ; and Tnarched 
them under a strong guard to Salisbury Goal. Not ma.ny 
days after they broke out, and knocking down the Sentinel, 



. [ 41 ] 

made their escape ; except one, u'ho was shot in the at- 
tempt. 

Two Captains in each county were appointed by Colo. 
Isaacs, on his leaving Coxe's Mill, to keep the friends of 
Government down ; and were going with their own men, 
continually through the country. 

During all this time I was in the woods and kept moving 
with a small party as occasion required. One evening, I 
had assembled thirty men, at a friends house, and sent out 
spies ; They soon returned with account of a party of rebels 
within four miles of us, distressing and plundering our 
friends. We immediately set forward to render our assist- 
ance, and got within a half a mile of them ; I, then, sent out 
to get information how they were situated, and by break of 
day came upon them. We retook seven horses which they 
had carried off, with a large quantity of baggage. We 
wounded two of them mortally, and several slightly ; we 
came off without injury, except two horses wounded. The 
day following, we persned them, to Cumberland county, and 
on my way, I burnt Capt. Coxe's house, and his Father's. 
I had also two skirmishes and killed two of the rebel party. 
On my return to Little Kiver, I heard of a Capt. Golson ; 
who had been disstressing the Loyalists ; and went in search 
of him, myself ; but unfortunately I did not meet him ; but 
fell in, with one of his men, who had been very assiduous, in 
assisting the rebels. I killed him. I mounted a man of my 
own on his horse, and returned back. I then took Capt. 
Cnrrie and the man of my own before mentioned, and went 
with a design of burning Capt. Golson's house ; which I did ; 
and also two others. In my way, I fell in, with a man, wlio 
had been very anxious for to have some of my men executed. 
I sent him word for to moderate and he should have nothing 
to fear, but if he persisted, I would certainly kill him. He 
took no notice of this ; but persisted, for several months, and 
on observing me that day, he attempted to escape ; but I 
shot him. 



[ i2 ] 

Two days, after, Capt. "Walker, joined me which made 
four of us, and hearing that one Thompson, a Eebel and 
Magistrate, had taken up a horse belonging to me, I went to 
claim him ; He gave him up without hesitation, and upon 
examining what arms he had, he owned to one rifle, which I 
took from him ; He also informed me, that the rebels were 
willing to make peace witb me on mv own terms, and would 
allow me any limited bounds I would require provided I 
would not be troublesome to them. I therefore concluded 
after consulting Capt. ^"alker and Currie, to demand the 
following terms, which I forwarded by a prisoner, I had 
taken ; and in order to convince them that my intentions 
were sincere, I released him, for that purpose, though he had 
been the means of murdering several. 

Terms required by Colo. David Fanning from Govr. 
Burke, forwarded to him by Lawyer Williams, and Capt. 
Eamsay, of 1st battalion of iS^orth Carolina Continentals. 

1 . That every friend of the government shall be allowed 
to then- respective homes unmolested. 

2d. That they shall be under no restrictions of doing, or 
causing to be done any thing prejudicial to his Majestys 
service. 

3d. That they shall not be under any obligation to act 
in any public station, or ever to take up arms, or be com- 
pelled to do any thing injurious to his Majesty's good gov- 
ernment. 

4. That shall not pay or caused to be paid, any taxes or 
money so levied by new laws during the Continuance of the 
present war, to snpport new army by their industry. If 
these terms are granted, I request that they may be inome- 
diately conveyed to me, at my quarters by a flag of truce, 
appointed for that purpose, and by such Officers, as I can 
rely upon, from your hands and seals. 

If these tenns are not granted you may depend my sword 
being continually unsheathed ; as I am determined, I wiU not 



[43 ] 

leave one of your old Offenders alive, that has injured his 
Majesty's Government, and friends, who would have been of 
service to your country in a future day and I do hereby 
recommend it to you to govern yourselves accordingly. 
Jan'y 7th 1782 David Fanning CoVo 

To Mr James Williams Joseph Cueeie \ r fi 

and Capt Wm. Ramsay, Stephen Walkee ) -^ 

to he forwarded hy them to the Com.mander in Chief for the 
time being on the Hillsboro' district. 

I received the following answer from Lawyer Williams 

Chatham Jan^y Wi 1782 
Snt 

I received yours by Mr. Riggin at the Court House, on 
Sunday last, and immediately wrote to Gen'l Butler on the 
suhject of your surrender. His answer is, that he cannot 
receive you himself but will directly write to the Governor. 
As soon as he receives, his answer, he will transmit it, to 
Maj. Griffith, who will send it to Winsor Pearce's on Deep 
River. If I obtain liberty, I will bring it myself In the 
mean time I would recommend a moderate conduct as the 
best step to bring matters to an accommodation. The 
bearer, Mr. Riggin, has executed the trust you reposed in 
him. I therefore, hope, you will restore to him his property. 
For your civility to me, when I was a prisoner, I will do any 
thing I can in honour. Concerning your surrender Col'o 
Ray and Col'o McDugald, have surrendered and gone to 
Charlestown. I am informed by Col'o Thackston, I am ex- 
changed with a number of other prisoners, at Charlestown 
under a Cartel which is renewed. You may depend as soon 
as I get the Governor's answer, you shall know it. 
I am, Sir, Your most ob't servt. 
Col'o David Fanning James Williams 



[44] 

I also received another letter from Cap't Eamsay by 
another conveyance 

Jan 8th 1782 

SlE 

I saw a letter to Mr. Williams and observed what you say 
concerning my case. As to breaking my parole, that I am 
clear of; as Major Craigg a few days before he left Wilming- 
ton sent a party of dragoons to where we were paroled at the 
Sound and ordered us under the main Guard; whence I 
made my escape ; which I am certain you will not blame me 
for ; as you are well acquainted with my honour ; when I 
was taken prisoner, I had it in my power to escape many a 
time ; but as long as I was treated like a gentleman, or agree- 
ably to the rules of war, I would rather suffer death, than 
forfeit my honour, I observe what you say, concerning your 
parole; but the kind treatment I received at yoxir hands, 
you may rely on it, any thing, Mr. Williams, or myself can 
do for you, in honour, shall not be wanting. Tour letter I 
understood is transmitted to the Governor, who I make no 
doubt will comply with your request. For my part I wish 
for nothing else but peace. 

I am "Sir your humble servant 

Matthew Ramsey 

I lay neutral, until I got further accounts and on the 15th 
Jan 1Y82 ; Messrs. Wmiams, Clark, and Burns, were kind 
enough to wait on me at Mr. Winsor Pearce's in respect to 
my former proposals which I had requested of them, with 
the letter as follows. 

15th Jan 1782 

SlE 

Agreeable to your request I have received order to offer 
you a parole on the terms you desired ; thirty miles east and 
west ; fifteen miles north and south. Hammond Coxa's mill 
to be the center of your bounds ; should you be incKned to 



[ 45 ] 

go to Charlestown at a future day, let me know it, and I will 
endeavour to get you that liberty, when I see the Governor. 
You mentioned being way laid, you may be assured that 
I know nothing of it. Mr. Williams Mr. Clark and John 
Burns, are the gentlemen that are kind enough to wait upon 
you with this Flag, and a blank parole for you to sign ; and 
they will give you a certificate for your security against any 
of the American troops to remain as prisoners of war, in the 
bounds specified. You may rely on it, nothing dishonour- 
able shall be done on my part ; and I have the greatest 
reason to believe that you will act on the same principles, 
xfo inhabitants of this county shall be molested either, in 
person or property, who have not been guilty of wilful mur- 
der, or plundering ; it is the duty of every honest man to 
bring all such to justice in order to restore harmony and 
peace once more to our country. 

I am your obedient humble servant 

Matthew Ramsay 
To Col. David Fanning 
per flag 

Also the following letter was left at Mr. Pearce's by the 
three gentlemen before mentioned. 

Tuesday morning 

SlE 

Agreeable to Capt. Ramsay's letter left for you, we came 
up to Mr. Pearce's, when we made no doubt of seeing you. 
I have seen his instructions to parole you, and you may 
depend no trap is meant for you, to any of our knowledge 
Ray and McDugald were received in the same manner, and 
no man oflered to molest them. Our orders were to have 
returned last night, and the light Horse under the command 
of Capt. Ramsay kept back, until our return ; Therefore we 
cannot possibly stay any longer. If you encline to accept 



[46] 

the terms offered, wMcli Capt. Ramsay cannot alter, you will 
meet us at Baalam Thompson's with as many of your men as 
you please ; as can be received according to the terms you 
propose : and are your obt. servts. 

r James Williams. 
Col'o David Fanning < A. Clark. 

(^ Jno. Buens. 

In the course of this correspondence, endeavouring to make 
peace, I had reason to believe they did not intend to be as 
good as their words ; as three of their people followed Capt. 
Linley; and cut him to pieces with their swords. I was im- 
mediately informed of it, and kept a look out for them. 
Five days after their return, I took two them and hung 
them, by way of retaliation, both on the limb of the same 
tree; the third made his escape. After this Coin. Alston, 
who' was a prisoner of war, at this time, came to me, at Genl. 
Butler's request, to know if I was willing to come to any 
terms. I asked, the reason, why the Governor had not 
answered my letter, and what was the cause of their be- 
haviour to Capt. Linly : I, then, with a number of my Offi- 
cers, set down, and wrote the following letter to General 
Butler. 

" SiE, On friday the 7th of Jany. last I wrote to Mr. "Wil- 
liams, the terms I was willing to come under ; he wrote for 
answer that he could not comply with my terms, until he 
had the approbation of the Governor. On Wednesday the 
11th inst. a flag was to meet me at Winsor Pearce's ; with a 
letter. But on its approach, it was waylaid by Capt. Gol- 
ston with a party of men which had more the appearance of 
treachery than a wish for peace. Had not the gentleman 
(Mr. Baalam Thompson) acted as honourable, for the minute 
he arrived he let me know it, and declared himself innocent. 
This gave me reason to think he would act with honour ; 



[47 J 

still on the 15tli inst, Messrs Williams, Clark, and Burns; 
the three gentlemen that were kind enough to wait upon me, 
with a blank parole, and letter from Capt. Ramsay — who 
mentioned in his letter that my request was granted by the 
Governor ; in the mean time, the gentlemen waiting on me 
at the place appointed, there came around a company from 
the Hawfield's, commanded by Capt. Scorely, which plainly 
and evidently appeared to me, there was nothing but treach- 
ery meant. On Simday the 10th of feby I fell in the rear of 
Capt. Colestons and Capt. Hinds, and following their trail, 
came on them at dark. After some firing that night I rode 
oif, and came on them next morning, and we came on terms 
of peace, till I could write to their superior officer, for which 
I consulted my ofiicers, and we joined hand and heart to 
comply with the terms hereunder written. 

" "We the Subscribers do acknowledge ourselves Subjects 
to his Britanic Majesty, as you are well assured of our fidel- 
ity, zeal, and loyalty, to his Majesty's government. As it 
has been daily the case that we have been distroying, one 
anothers property to support and uphold our opinions, and 
we are hereby willing to come to a session of arms, not under 
six months, nor exceeding twelve ; conditions underwritten. 

1. Our request is from Cumberland twenty miles N. & S ; 
and thirty miles E. & W : to be totally clear of your light 
Horse. 

2d.~reqilest is for every man that has been in actual arms, 
in a permanent manner, in order to establish a British gov- 
ernment, (except those who have diserted from a regular 
troop that has voluntarily listed themselves,) then we do ob- 
ligate to deliver up each and every man shall have a right to 
withdraw themselves in said district. 

~3d. If any of our men should go out of said district to 
plunder, or distress, or murder any of tlie American party, 
we will, by information made to me, Maj'r Rains, or any of 
10 



[48] 

the Captains return their names ; if the request is granted, 
they shall immediately be apprehended and sent by any oflS- 
cer appointed by 3'on to be tried by yom" own laws. 

4th. If any of your party shall be catched plundering, 
stealing or miirdering, or going private paths, with arms sig- 
nifying as if they were for mischief, these are to be left to our 
pleasure to deal with as circumstances agreeable to our laws. 
All public roads to be travelled bj' any person, or copany 
unmolested, if he behave himself as becomes an honest man, 
or any Army or company or wagons keeping the public roads. 

5. Every person that has been in actual arms in manner 
aforesaid, in order to support or establish a British Govern- 
ment, shall not be interupted of their arras, provision, person 
or property. If any one residing within the said district, 
who are subjects to the States should want provisions, or any 
other article from, by sending to either of the officers that I 
shall appoint for that purpose, or use we will send a suffi- 
cient guard to see, them safe and out unmolested. Quakers 
excepted from anything whatever. 

6. That I will not, in the mean time disturb or distress any 
person, or persons abiding by your laws in said district. All 
back plundering shall be void ; as it is impossible to replace 
or restore all the plunder on either side. 

7. Our request is to have free trade with any port with 
waggons, or horseback without arms ; with a pass from any 
appointed Officer for salt or any other necessaries and use. 
Except the two Coxe's mills to be free from any incum- 
brance of all parties belonging to the Americans. 

8th. Any of my men that has been returned a Continental 
without taking the bounty, that has been in actual service as 
above mentioned shall return in said district. 

9th. If our request is granted as above written I request 
it may be sent to me by 8th of March ; as I may forward to 
my further determinations; if I cannot have any request 
granted. I shall exact and point out every deplausible meas- 



[49 ] 

nres in order to suppress every person in arms against his 

Britanic majesty. I am your most obedient humble serv't 

Given under my hand and" arm as aforesaid 

David Fanning Col Com. Loyal Mi 
John Rains, Mafr 
William Kains, CapH 
John Catle, '' 

Wm. Pkick, 
Abnek Smally " 
Jacob Maurioi'; Lieut 

To Oohn Butler, GerCl of Hillshoro District. 
Pt favour of Col Philip Alston 

Copy of letter of Gen'l Butler. 

Mount Pleasant hth March 1782 
Dear Sie 

Your letter of 26th of last month was handed to me last 
night. I have observed the contents. Had yon proposed 
that you and the men now in actual service with you would 
have taken a parole to some certain bounds, until you could 
have been sent to Charleston, to be exchanged, I should have 
entered into that business. But your propositions are many, 
and some of them uncustomai-y in like cases. I conceive it 
out of my power — However as his Excellency Governor 
Burke is now at Halifax I will send him your letter with the 
proposals to him by express. This is now the 5th day of 
March ; of course, it must be several days after the 8th be- 
fore his answer can come to hand; in the mean time it may 
be as well to postpone the desperate measures, you have in 
contemplation. 

I am your obed servt. 

John Butlee. B. G. for 

HillsVo district 
P. S. If yon would not choose to be confined in bounds 
any length of time, it might be contrived so that you might 



[ 50] 

be sent oiF immediately under an Escort of my appointing to 
General Greene. He has promised to have all such ex- 
changed which I send to his quarters. 

John Butler B. G. 

About the 7th March 1782 Capt. Walker and Currie, of the 
Loyal Militia ffll in, with a party of Rebels, and came to an 
engagement, and fired for some time, 'till the rebels had fired 
all their ammunition ; and then, wislied to come to terms of 
peace between each party ; and no plundering, killing or 
murdering should be committed by either party or side ; 
which was concluded upon by each Colonel, for such certain 
limited bounds ; which was to be agreed upon by each Colo ; 
and if they could not agree, each party was to be neutral un- 
til matters was made known, respecting the terms which they 
had to agree upon. Soon after ray men came to me and in- 
formed what they had done; we received the rebel Col. Bal- 
four's answer ; that "there was" resting place for a tory's foot 
upon the Eartli." He also immediately sent out his party, 
and on the 10th, I saw the same company coming to a cer- 
tain house where we were fiddling and dancing. We imme- 
diately prepared ourselves in readiness to receive them, their 
number being 27 and our number only seven ; We immedi- 
ately mounted our horses, and went some little distance from 
the house, and eorameneed a fire, for some considerable time ; 
night coming on they retreated, and left the ground. Some 
time before, while, we were treating with each other, I had 
ordered and collected twenty-five men to have a certain dress 
made which was linnen frocks, died black, with red cufl's, red 
elbows, and red shoulder cape also, and belted with scarlet, 
which was a total disguise to the rebels, which the red was 
all fringed with white fringe, and on the 12th of March, ray 
men being all properly equipped, asserabled together, in or- 
der, to give them a sraall scourge, which we set out for. On 
Balfour's plantation, when we came upon him, he endeavored 



[ 51 ] 

to make his escape ; but we soon prevented him, fired at 
him, and wounded him. The first ball he. received was 
through one of his arms, and ranged through his body ; the 
other through his neck ; whicli put an end to his commiting 
any more ill deeds. 

We also wounded another of his men. We then proceeded 
to their Colonel's (Collier,) belonging to said county of Ran- 
dolph ; on our way we burnt several rebel liouses, and catched 
several prisoners; the night coming on and the distance to 
said Collier's, was so far, that it was late before we got there. 
He made his escape, having received three balls through his 
shirt. But I took care to distroy the whole of his plantation. 
I then persued our route, and came, to one Capt. John Bry- 
an's; another rebel officer. I told him if he would come out 
of the house, I would give him parole ; which he i-efused, say- 
ing that he had taken parole from Lord Cornwallis, swearing 
" by God ! lie had broken that and that he would also break 
our Tory parole. With that I immediately ordered the house 
to be set on fire, which was instantly done. As soon as he 
saw the flames of the fire, encreasing, he called out to me, and 
desired me to spare his house, for his wife's and children's 
sake, and he would walk out with his arms in his hands. I 
immediately answered him, that if he walked out, that his house 
should be saved, for his wife and children. When he came 
out, he said "Here, damn, you, here 1 am." With that he 
received two balls through his body : He came out with his 
gun cocked, and sword at the same time. 

The next day following being the 13th march, was their 
election day to appoint Assembly men, and was to meet at 
Kandolph Court House. I proceeded on in order to see the 
gentlemen representatives ; On their getting intelligence of 
my coming they immediately scattered ; I prevented their 
doing any thing that day. 

From thence I proceeded on, to one Major Dugin's house, 
or plantation, and I distroyed all his property ; and all the 



[ 52 J 

rebel officers property in the settlement for the distance of 
forty miles. 

On our way I catched a commissary from Salisbury who 
had some of my men prisoners and almost perished them, and 
wanted to hang some of them. I carried him immediately 
to a certain tree, where they had hung one of my men by the 
name of Jackson, and delivered him up to some of my men, 
who he had treated ill when prisoners ; and they imme- 
diately hung him. After hanging 15 minutes tliey cut 
him down. In the mean time there was about 300 rebels 
who had embodied themselves and came after us ; On ac- 
count of the rainy weather our guns would not fire on either 
side. We were obliged to retreat, on account of their numr 
bers being so much superior. We had received no damage. 
About the 8th of Apl, a certain Capt Williams came into the 
settlement, and sent an old woman to me, to inform me, that 
he had arrived from Govr. Burke that instant ; and had come 
in order to see me ; which by her description, I and my little 
party, immediately met him, and he informed me, that he 
had come to know if I was willing to eome upon the terms I 
had already presented; and requested to have from under 
my own hand a true copy of them ; that the Governor would 
do every thing in his power to have the same agreed upon 
by his Council and Assembly ; for which purpose the said 
Williams was sent from the Governor, He also told me, 
that the Governor had said, that any thing I should do, or 
cause to be done, from the character, he heard from the Brit' 
ish at Charlestown, that he had not the least doubt, they 
would assent to ; — that he wished to make peace with me ; — 
saying if I was taken prisoner, and killed ; that 100 would 
certainly lose their lives for it ; and he looked upon it much 
better to come to terms of peace — that he heard in Charles- 
town, I was killed ; which occasioned him to run away from 
Charlestown ; Upon which I gave him a copy of the articles 
which I wished to comply to. With which he ordered the 



[53] 

Liglit Horse to depart to their different stations, till they re- 
ceived orders from the Governor and Council. 

As I was obliged to lay neutral until I received their an- 
swer, which was to be iipon terms of honour on both sides, as 
the different captains commanding the light horse, wrote to 
me respecting the same ; as appears by the following letters. 

" Sir, I received a few lines this day, from Cap't Edward 
"Williams, informing me, that you and he, had > come down 
yesterday, and signified that, you and he, are upon terms of 
compromising matters, on condition, that I will stop the 
County light horse from persuing you — You may rest as- 
sured, that it is my desire to be at peace with all men — Cap't 
Kiddle and his company are at the Court House. I have 
ordered him to stand there, until further orders ; and will 
send after Cap't Polston and desire him also ; I shall set off 
this morning to the Assembly, and if it is in my power to 
do, or cause anything to be done, that shall cause peace and 
harmony over the land, you may rest assured I will do my 
best ; and second Cap't Williams, though he gave me no ac- 
count of your proposals ; and am 

with respect your humble serv't 
Ap'l 9th 1782 Roger Geiffiih Major 

To CoVo David Fanning. 



Camf at McCak Ap 10 1782 

SlE, 

I received orders from Maj Griffith concerning some terms 
between you and him and shall withdraw my men and Cap't 
Golston's as we are both together, and will not proceed any 
further after apprehending you or yours,, unless you come 
into our county doing mischief, until further orders. 

From your humble serv't 
To CoVo David Fanning Joseph Kosue 



[ 54 J 

Hoping you nor yours will not interupt any of the inhab- 
itants of Chatham until matters are further settled. 

William Golston 



SiE, I received your letter which gives me great satisfac- 
tion to hear that you, and some of the officers, have come 
upon terms of peace ; which is all I could crave ; but I 
should be glad with one of the officers in company, to meet 
you and have some conversation together, and be upon 
honour. If we can come upon terms agreeable to both, I 
should immediately march my company home. I shall be at 
Mr. MuUins, this evening at two o'clock ; and if you can 
meet us and converse across the river, or any other place 
you will choose. 

Ap'l 12th 1782 I am. Sir, Your ob't 

To Thomas Dougan 

CoVo David Fanning Captain of Light Horse 



Ap'l 17th 1782 
Ses 

I, as an officer in behalf of the State of l^orth Carolina, 
have turned out, in order to suppress any persons disturbing 
the peace of said State ; but when I arrived at Deep Kiver, 
I understood that you, and Cap'ts Williams, & Dougan, 
were about to make a treaty of peace ; which I approved, 
of very well ; and withdrew my troop towards home. But 
my great surprize, on my way, I learned that your men, 
were robbing the peaceful and inoffensive people of Cane 
Creek, and Kockey River ; which wicked conduct, and the 
great desire, I had, for the welfare of my Country, induced 
me to stay, a little longer, and endeavour to stop such rob- 
bery. I therefore wish to inform you, that I did not pretend 



[ 55] 

with any view of making you any way dishonourable, but 
many persons not owing true allegiance to the laws of this 
State, are running at large ; and call you their officer. As 
I hope you a gentleman, and will not protect any vagabond, 
I will thank you, to let me know every particular of your 
Treaty ; what bounds you have ; and upon the honour of a 
gentleman, I will not Interrupt any person within said 
bounds, that is of good character with you. I would recom- 
mend, that you order Joseph Currie, and Blair, to return the 
widow Dixon's property, which they robbed her of ; and I will 
not write to the Governor concerning it, as you want peace. 
He would think very little of your honour, if he heard that 
your men were robbing his people, after you had petitioned 
to him. I am. Sir, in behalf of the State, 

To CoVo David Fanning. Edwakd Gum, Captain 

About the 18th of April Captain Williams, came to me, 
again, at Fork Creek and informed me that the original ar- 
ticles of treaty had been laid before the Governor, and As- 
sembly ; and they were upon a conclusion of granting me 
the terms I wanted ; but were prevented by a Colonel, who 
came from over the mountains and was one of the Assembly, 
who did every thing against it. Their objections were ; the 
articles respecting the Continental soldiers taken up, and they 
could not allow any passports for any of the friends of the 
government to have any correspondence or connections with 
the British. Every other article they were willing to grant. 
Their Assembly continued on the business for three days ; as 
Mr "Williams informed me. My answer was that " I would 
forfeit my life, before I would withdi-aw any one of the arti- 
cles, that I had presented, as I wished to hold the same con- 
nection with the British, as formerly ; I likewise told him, 
that I had understood, that they had picked out twenty four 
of their best horses, and men, from Virginia in order to per- 
sue me, and my answer to Mr. Williams was " they might do 
11 



[ 56 ] 

their best, and be damned" as I was fully determined to still 
support my integrity, and to exert myself in behalf of the 
King and country more severer than ever I did." With this 
Mr. Williams departed. 

I, then set out for Chatham, when I learned that a wed- 
ding was to be that day. On my way I took one prisoner, 
before I came to the house. There, being but five of ns, we 
immediately surrounded the house in full charge. I ordered 
them, immediately out of the House ; three of my men went 
into the house and drove them all out one by one ; I caused 
them all to stand in a row to examine them, to see if I knew 
any of them that was bad men. I found one, by the name 
of William Doudy, concealed up stairs. One of my men 
-fired at him ; as he was running from one house to the 
other ; he received the ball in his shoulder. I then having 
my pistols in my hand, discharged them both at his breast, 
with which he fell, and that night expired. I then paroled 
the rest, on the 25th. 

I concluded within myself, that it was better for me to 
try and settle myself, being weary of the disagreeable mode 
of living I had borne with for some considerable time. For 
the many kindness and the civility of a gentleman who lived 
in the settlement of Deep River, I was induced to pay my 
addresses to his daughter, a young lady of sixteen years of 
age. The day of Marriage being appointed ; — on making it 
known to my people, Cap't William Hooker, and Captain 
William Carr, agreed to be married with me. They both 
left me to make themselves, and their intended wives ready. 
The day before, we were to be coupled, the Eebels, before 
mentioned, with those good horses, attacked us (Cap't 
Hooker's horse being tied so fast he could not get him 
loose,) they caught him and murdered him on the spot. My- 
self and Cap't Carr, were married and kept two days merri- 
ment. The Rebels thought they were sure of me then ; 
however I took my wife and concealed her, in the woods with 



[57 J 

Cap't Carr's ; and caused an oration to be put oiit, that I was 
gone to Charlestown. In order to be convinced, the Rebels 
sent a man in, as a spy, with two letters from Gen'l Leslie 
with instructions for me to enlist men for the service which 
I knew was forged, in order to betray me and from the per- 
son or Commanding OiBcer of the Rebel light horse. The 
following is one of which I gave Gen'l Leslie, that had his 
name singed to it. 

Charlestown 20^A Jan. 1782 
Deae Colonel, 

Altho I have not he happiness of being acquainted with 
you, yet I can applaud you very much, for your spirited con- 
duct and activity. The only objection I have to your con- 
duct, is your being too strenuous with those who have been 
subjects to his Majesty, whom the Rebels have overcome and 
forced them to comply with their laws. If you would let 
them alone, the severity of the Rebels would cause them to 
return to their allegiance again. But Sir since you have 
made so brave a stand already, pray stand steadfast to ihe 
end, and we shall be well rewarded at the last. Try to spirit 
up your men, and enlist, if possible, three hundred men this 
spring, ready to join three hundred more ; which shall be 
put under your command ; and as many more as you can 
get, and you be Brigadier General of them. We shall, I 
hope in the month of May land 1.300 troops in North Caro- 
lina, 300 of your corps, 1600 in the whole, to act upon the 
defensive, until you are reinforced. 

Keep good discipline among your troops, and keep out 
fellows, who win do nothing but plunder. They are but 
false dependence, and will not fight, but only corrupt good 
men. Every man you inlist for 12 months, shall receive ten 
guineas ; and a full suit of clothes ; as soon as we land our 
troops, and they appear under your command ready- for ac- 
tion. I can assure you, tis your lame and worthy actions 



[58] 

has, througli and by Maj'r Craigg given, reached his Majes- 
ty's ears, and I expect perhaps by the next packet boat you 
will get a genteel present from our gracious Sovereign. So 
hoping that you will be in the way of your duty, I will take 
leave of you, without mentioning your name, or subscribing 
mine, lest this might miscarry — the man who is entrusted 
with the care of this, dares not at present be seen in it ; but 
a friend and send it to the man as is Sir yours 



To CoVn Fanning in No Ca 

A letter from the traitor who brought these two letters 
from Gen'l Leslie. 

Deae SrE 

I would come to see you myself, but am afraid of the rebel 
light horse. I have a great many things to acquaint you 
with and a good deal of good news, but dare not write for 
fear of miscarriage. If you have any desire of seeing me 
you must come soon away, instantly. Don't let the bearer 
know the contents of the letters — The fewer trusted the 
better. In the mean time 

I am your friend and serv't 
Ap'l 2^th 1782 Joseph Wilson 

To CoVn Fanning 



My answer was in Maj'r Kains' name as follows ; 

SlE, 

I am very sorry to think that there is so many damned 
foolish Rebels in the world, as to think Col'o Fanning would 
be ever deceived by such damned infernal writings, as I have 
received from yoru Col'o Fanning is gone to Charleston, 
and is not to return here 'till he comes with forces sufficient 
to defend this part of the country. I would have you to dis- 



[ 59] 

band ; and be gone immediately ; for if I ever hear of any 

one of your people coming with any thing of the sort, I will 

come and kill them myself I am in behalf of his Majesty's 

armies John EAms 

Major of the Loyal Militia. 
To Jos. Wilson. 



On the 1st of May 1782 I heard of a wagon being in the 
road, I imagined she was going down to market, as I heard 
of a number of wagons which was to proceed down with 
liquor to the market. On the 2d I mounted and persued the 
wagon ; which I heard of the day before ; as I was about 
setting out for Charleston I concluded to have a frolic with 
my old friends, before we parted. After riding about ten 
miles, I overtook the said wagon, which belonged to a cer- 
tain man who had been taken prisoner and paroled by the 
British ; and had broken his parole. In the mean time, I 
was examining his papers I set a centinel over him. He 
knowing himself guilty, expected nothing but death. He 
took the opportunity, and sprung upon my riding mare, 
and went off with my saddle, holsters, pistols, and all my 
papers of any consequence to me. We fired tAvo guns at 
him ; he received two balls through his body but it did not 
prevent him from sitting the saddle ; and make his escape. 
I took the other man, and caused him to take me to the 
man's plantation ; when I took his wife, and three negro 
boys, and eight head of horses. I kept his wife for three 
days in the woods ; and sent the man to see, if he would de- 
liver up my mare, and property, containing my papers ; for 
which he wrote me the following insolent letter. 

SiE, Col'o Fanning, I hope that you do not blame me for 
what I did. Hoping you will have mercy on me, as I am 
wounded, and let my wife come to me. Your mare shall be 



[60 ] 

returned to you without fail. Tour mare I don't crave, and 
I hope you dont covet mine. I beg that you will have pity 
on my wife and children. The negroes and horses I am 
willing you shall keep until you get your mare I have sent 
to a Doctor. But the mare will be back to night. Np 
more, but yoti may depend on my word 

Ajshdeew Huntee. 

I also received the following letter from Edw'd Williams, 
on the subject of the Mare. 

Sm, These few lines comes, to let you know that I have 
this day seen Mr. Hunter ; he is badly wounded and desires 
you would let his wife come to him immediately : As to the 
rest of his property, you are welcome to keep, until such 
time's you get your mare returned, which will be as soon as 
possible, as she has gone at this time after the Doctor. But 
she shall be returned to you, with all speed, as soon as she 
returns. Mr. Hunter also is very ill. 

I am your ob't humble servant 
CoVo David Fanning Edwaed Williams 

On the 7th of May, finding I could see no opportunity of 
getting my mare, notwithstanding she was one of my princi- 
pal creatures, and a mare I set great store by, and gave One 
Hundred and ten guineas for her. I was obliged to let loose 
all his horses, except one, as they was of no account to me, 
in the situation I was in ; the negroes I kept ; I then pro- 
ceeded to a Major Gamer's truce land in Pedee in South 
Carolina, where I had made a truce with the Eebels, some 
time before ; and I continued there until June, when I left my 
wife, horses, and negroes ; as I was entirely a stranger to the 
situation of the country and roads, I was obliged to procure 
a pilot to proceed to Charlestown ; I could not get one for 
less than 20 guineas. After my departure I fell in with the 
rebel dragoons commanded by Colo. Bailie, from Virginia. 



[61] 

I was with tliein for about an hour ; and informed them that 
we were soine of the r.ebel party then on our way to General 
Marion's head quarters. They never discovered otherwise ; 
it being in the dusk of the evening. We fell into the rear, 
and went into the woods and struck our camp, and promised 
them we would see them next morning. However we pro- 
ceeded on that night, and arrived at Herald's point on the 
17th of June, and I immediately procured a passage to 
Charlestown, when I immediately applied for a flag ; to send 
after Mrs. Fanning and property. The flag had left Charles- 
town two days, when she came in, as Ma,]. Gainey, had ap- 
plied to General Marion, for a pass for her, to proceed to 
Charlestown ; He would not let her have any of our prop- 
erty, not even a negro to wait on her. 

Soon after the Loyalists, that had got to Charlestown from 
different parts of the world hearing that the Southern Colo- 
nies were to be evacuated by the British forces, called a 
meeting to point out some measures to try to hold some foot- 
hold in the country, until we had got some part payment for 
our property which we were obliged to leave if we ever left 
the country. Hand bills were printed and stuck up through- 
out the town for the Loyalists to choose their representatives 
to represent our situation and the desire we had to support 
ourselves and property. It was proposed that 25 Gentlemen 
should be choosen a committee for that purpose. The day 
was appointed to take the vote. I was choosen amongst 
others ; and drew up a petition and sent to Sir Guy Carleton 
Commander in Chief;" praying the liberty of keeping the 
town and artillery, as they then stood on the works ; and 
despatched two gentlemen off' with our petition ; Our request 
was not granted. I have hereunto set forth the names of 
the gentlemen representatives ; 

Col'o Ballingall," Jas Johnston Esq, 

Eobert "Williams Esq," Lt Col'o Dupont, 



[ 62] 

Col'o Eobt Wm Powell, Col'o Gray, 

John Gailliard Esq," Col Cassels, 

John Hose Col Pearson, 

Maj Wm. Greenwood," Col Philips, 

Maj Gabriel Capers," Col'o Hamilton, 

Lt Col'o Thos Inglis, Wm Carson,^' 

John Hopton Esq," Dr Wm Charles Wells, 

Kobt Johnston, Esq, Col. Thomas Edgehill, 

John Champniss, 

Andrew Millar Esq," Col Sam'l Bryan, 

Col'o David Panning, Doct. Baron. 

I continued in Charlestown until the 5th of Sept. and my 
horses having got recruited, and one of my negroes having 
made his way good through the country, came down to me ; 
I then set out for the country again, on account of my mis- 
fortune of losing my Mare, which was of great value to me. 
I went up to the settlement again, to the man I sent to 
Hunter before ; and, he informed me, that Hunter refused 
five negroes for the mare, and would not return her. He 
also, went to where, I left one of the negroes and took him 
and sent him over the mountains to keep him out of my 
way. I continued in the settlement until the 22d of the 
month, trying to get her but was disappointed in my hopes. 
Knowing that Charlestown was to be evacuated, I was 
obliged to return ; and as I was on my way, I understood 
my mare was at a certain place, about 125 miles from 
Charlestown ; being about half the distance from where, I 
then was, toward Charlestown. I instantly persued, on my 
journey to the place, I heard she was ; and my riding horse 
was so particularly known, I sent a man up to the house and 
he was known ; they directed us, the wrong way, and imme- 
diately sent word to where my mare was : I found out, we 
was wrong ; and took through the woods, and to a house 
within a half a mile, where they had word of my coming 



[ 63 ] 

and was making ready to go to their assistance. On seeing 
us come up, he immediately left his horse, and was running 
oif through a iield ; he turned round and presented his piece 
and snapped ; but she missed fire ; With this, I ordered one 
of my men, to fire at him, who shot liim through the body, 
and dispatched his presence from this world. The other two 
men that was at the house, did not run ; and informed me 
that they had received word of my coming a half an hour 
before I arrived ; and also that there were men lying in am- 
bush ready to attack me. With this, as the man who had 
my mare had gone off with her, and having only two men 
and my- negro that set out with me from Charlestown, also 
two little negroes that I had for my mare, I thought it was 
my best way to proceed to Charlestown ; and on the 28th 
Sept. I arrived at Charlestown, where the shipping was 
ready for me to embark for St. Augustine. 



East Floeida 
We whose names are hereunto subscribed do hereby certify, 
that Col'o David Fanning, late of the Province of No. Ca., 
acted in the station of Col'o of Militia of that Province, and 
was of the greatest service to his Majesty, in suppressing the 
rebels during the late rebellion in North America ; that he 
is worthy of every loyal subject ; both for his valour, and 
good conduct ; — that after he with his men took the town of 
-Hillsborough, dispersed the rebel council, and took a great 
number of prisoners, was on that day wounded in the left 
arm — that finding the town of Wilmington evacuated by the 
British troops, and his wound not yet well, he for the safety 
of his people divided them, into small parties, and continued 
a long time in the back woods — that after many skirmishes 
in No. Ca. in the month of June 1782 he with the utmost 
difficulty made his way through many interruptions of the 
enemy, to the province of South Carolina ; where his Majes- 
12 



[ 64 ] 

ty's troops then lay ; and that he was obliged to leave the 
province, where he lived and his property, which we are 
informed was considerable ; and, that, he is now without the 
means of subsistence, having lost his all, for and on account of 
his services and attachment to his Majesty's person and gov- 
e™™ent. jojjj, Hamilton, 

St. Augustine Lt CoVo Comg B. N. C. Regt. 

20th Sept 1783 John Legett, CapU 

R. N. C. Regt ^ 
Alx. Campbell, Capt 

8. a. Regt. 
Geo. Dawkins Capt. 8. C. Regt. 
Daniel McNeil Capt R 

N. C Regt 
Moses Whitley Lt. 8. C Regt. 



Scheduel of the property of Col'o David Fanning late resident 
of the province of No. Ca. but now of the province of East 
Florida, lost to him on account of his Zeal and Attachment 
to the British Government and never received any part or 
parcel thereof or any restoration of the same, viz ; 

550 acres of Land in Amelia County in the Pro- 
vince of Virginia with a dwelling House and 
other necessary buildings, a large apple and £. S. 
Peach Orchard, and large enclosed improvements 687.10 

550 acres of land near said plantation heir to the 
estate of my father and some improvement with a 
dwelling House 412.00 

3 Saddle Horses - - 41.00 

12 plantation Horses, three unbroke 96.00 

2 negro Slaves - 100. 

Debts, notes, bonds &c 289. 

£ 1625.10 



[ 65] 

Personallv appeared before me, one of his Majesty's Jus- 
tices of tlie Peace St Augustine Province of East Florida, 
Lieutenant Charles Eoberson ; Niell Mclnnis ; and Philip 
Wisunpunt ; Refugees, of said East Florida ; who being 
called upon bv the within mentioned CoFo David Fanning, 
to value the within mentioned property, who being duly 
sworne; and maketh oath upon the Holy Evangelists of 
Almighty God ; that the within mentioned property, are 
well worth the sums affixed to each article, as near the value 
as possible, if the same \^as to be sold, to their own knowl- 
edge and the best information they could get. 

Charles Eobeeson 
Sworne at St. Augustine Neil McInms 

this 25 Nov. 1783 before me Philip Whisunpuut 

John Mills. J. P. 

I took my passage and landed in 'New Brunswick on 23d 
Sept 17S4, and went to Halifax to his Excellency, the Gov- 
ernor Carlton to know liow I should get land, but he had not 
aiTived, so returned on the 7th l^ov'r and in August I re- 
ceived the following letter from Coro John Hamilton in 
answer to mine in regard to my claim. 

De-ie Sir, 

I received youi-s of the 9th Feb 1785 a few days ago and 
notice the contents. I am soiTy to inform you that your 
claims are not yet given in, but I expect the office for re- 
ceiving Claims will be opened again by act of Parliament 
this session ; when you may depend proper care shall be 
taken of youre. I am sorry to hear of your losses. I hope 
you are now agreeably settled, and making something for 
your family. I think if you can leave your business in 
proper hands, a trip to this country would be of service to 
you ; tho' I don't think you would get half pay. The Gov- 
ernment would settle an annuity on you for life ; which can- 
not be done without your coming here. 

If you come you may depend on all my interest in your 



[66-1 

favour, and I cannot help thinking it worth your while to 
come home. I am dear Sir your 

London humble servt 

May 10th 1785 John Hamilton. 

In a short time after I heard that there was another act of 
Parliament passed to receive Claims for losses and services, 
also that the Commissioners had arrived at Halifax. On the 
20tli March, I set out for Halifax, and presented a copy of. 
my claim, as follows ; 

To the Honourable Commissioners appointed by act of 
Parliament, further to enquire into the losses and services of 
the American Loyalists. 

The Memorial of David Fanning, late Col'o of the North 
Carolina Militia, humbly sheweth ; That your Memorialist is 
a Loyalist from North Carolina; who uniformly and re- 
ligiously adhered to his duty and loyalty to the best of Sove- 
reigns ; for which he suflfered persecution, and many other 
inconveniences — that your Memorialist, by a warrant from 
Major Craigg of the 82d Eeg't then commanding at Wil- 
mington was placed at the head of the Militia of that pro- 
vince — that, your memorialist during the late war, did com- 
mand from one to nine hundred and fifty men ; with whom 
he was engaged in six and thirty skirmishes in North Caro- 
lina, and four in South Carolina ; all of which were of his 
own planning and in which he had the honour to command 
— that your Memorialist killed many of the Rebels — and 
took many of them prisoners. Among the latter, were, 
Governor Burke, his council, and many Officers of distinction 
in the Rebel army — that your Memorialist was during that 
time, twice wouiided, and fourteen times taken prisoner: 
That, on the conclusion of peace, your Memorialist settled 
two hundred and fifty souls in East Florida; and having 
took refuge in several parts of his Majesty's remaining posses- 
sions in America, finally settled in the province of New 



[67] 

Brunswick where he now is, in great distress, with his family. 
That yonr Memorialist, in consequence of his said loyalty, to 
his Sovereign ; the many services rendered him ; and attach- 
ment to the British Government, had his property, real and 
personal, seized, confiscated, and sold by rebel authority — 
Your Memorialist therefore prays that his case may be taken 
into consideration ; in order that he may be enabled under 
your report to receive such aid or relief, as his case may be 
found to deserve. 

St. John March 1st 1786 David Fanning 

"When I presented my claim to Peter Hunter Secretary to 
the Commissioners ; he gave me no kind of satisfaction, and 
on my asking him if I could come under an examination, he 
told me to be gone, he did not think the Commissioners 
would receive my claim. When I found, I could get no 
hearing at Halifax, at that time, I returned home with a full 
resolution never to trouble myself any more. At the time of 
being in Halifax I met my old friend, Cap't John Leg- 
gett, of the Royal North Carolina Regiment, who said he 
would speak to the Commissioners in my favour. He also 
gave me a copy of the following letter from Lieut Col'o Arch 
McKay.— 

London Nov lUh 1785. 
Deak Capi'ain 

Ever mindfal of your good will and the kindness you 
showed unto me since I had the pleasure of being acquainted, 
with you induces me to write you a few lines at present in- 
forming you of my success since I came to England, knowing 
you would be glad to hear of the provision made for me. 
When I came to England, I got a hearing by the Commis- 
sioners of American claims, and they granted me Thirty 
pounds, yearly for temporary subsistence. I, then, laid a 
memorial to Sir George Young, for Captains half pay ; but I 
must confess I thought my chances for that bad enough, as 



[68 J 

I was not acquainted witli any of the Generals who com- 
manded in America ; but since it was onlj amusement to 
try, I got a certificate from Col'o Craigg, and another from 
Col'o Hamilton ; and laid them in with the memorial, it was 
with a good many others, a long time from Office to Office ; 
at length they allowed me Seventy pounds sterling, yearly, 
for life for my services in America, exclusive of the Thirty 
pounds. Upon the whole I do not repent coming to Lon- 
don, as things have turned out. 

I wrote to Cap't McNeil this morning, not thinking I 
should have time to write to you, before the Ship sailed ; 
and I had not time to write to him so fully, as I could wish ; 
but I will mind better next time. 

I intend to spend next summer in Scotland, if every thing 
turns out here to my expectation. I would be glad to get a 
long letter from you concerning your new settlements. You 
will please to write to me, under cover to Messrs. John and 
Hector McKay, ITo. 5. Crown Court, Westminster ; and if I 
am in Britain I shall be sure to get any letter that may come 
for me. After my jaunt to Scotland I hope to do myself the 
honour to call and see you on my way to jS^ew Providence, 
where Alex'r and Malcom McKays are gone. I am Sir, with 
due respect 

To Tour sincere friend & humble serv't 

Capt John Legett. Aechibald McKa.t" 

I returned home and continued until the 27th June 1787, 
when I was entering the subiirbs of the city of St John, I 
accidently met Ensign Henry Niss, with a letter, from the 
commissioners, desiring me to attend immediately for an ex- 
amination. I still retained my opinion ; but on informing 
Col'o Joseph Eobinson he prevailed with me, after a long 
persuasion, to call and see the Commissioners ; which I did ; 
in company with Col'o Robinson : I was treated with every 
civility and all attention paid to me. After my examination 
they gave me the following certificate. 



[69 ] 

" Office of American Claims 
St John 2d Fehy 1787. 
We do hereby certify that, David Fanning has undergone 
an examination on oath before us, as an American sutferer 
from No. Ga. We are satisfied by his own account, and by 
the evidence he has produced, that his exertions in support 
of the British Government, as Col'o of the Chatham, and 
Eandolph County Militia, during the late troubles, in Amer- 
ica, have been very great and exemplary ; — that he has been 
severely wounded in several engagements and has in other 
respects been a great sufferer; though from particular 
reasons, it will not be in our power to make him any consid- 
erable allowance in our report. We therefore recommend 
him as a proper person to be put on the half pay list as Cap- 
tain, and to have an annual allowance from Government 
equal to that half pay. 

Thomas DxnsTDAss 
J. Pembeeton 

After this I received a letter from my Agent and found I 
had lost property to the amount of £1625. SlO. accord- 
ing to an appraisment of three men acquainted with the 
property. But, as it was not like a coat taken out of my 
hand, or gold taken out of my pocket, I could not get any 
thing for my losses, although I did not give in nothing like 
the amount of my losses. I lost 24 horses ; and only reported 
15 ; one of which cost more than all I ever got from the 
Government ; and six head of cattle, £289 for property sold 
at the commencement of the war, and the Land which I was 
heir to and for which I refused many times £3000 Virginia 
currency. But because I turned out in the service of my 
King and country in the 20th year of my age, and my exer- 
tions were very exemplary, I have lost my all, for and 
account of my attachment to the British Crown — only Sixty 
pounds received which would not pay the expenses I have 
been at to obtain it. 



[ 70] 

I can prove what I have here wrote to be facts, and the 
world will be able to judge after reading this narrative ; and 
observe this Act of oblivion passed in N. Carolina in the 
year 1783 which is hereunto annexed — which is enlarged and 
improved in the London Magazine which will be found on 
page 607. vol. 1. from July 1. to Dec 1. 1783. 

The act of Pardon and Oblivion is there quoted, passed 17th 
May 1783 signed by Kich'd Caswell 

Speaker of Senate 
E Staeke 

Speaker of Commons 

the proviso to the first section declares that " I^othing therein 
contained shall extend pardon to Peter Mallett, David Fan- 
ning and Samuel Andrews — or any person guilty of delib- 
erate and willful murder ; robbery ; rape ; house breaking or 
any of them." 

This narrative concludes — " Many people is fools enough 

to think, because our three names is particular put in this 

Act, that we are all guilty of the crimes set forth. — But I 

' defy the world to charge me with rape, or anything more, 

than I have set forth in this Journal. 

All his Majesty's subjects or others that wishes to know 
the truth of any thing further than I have set forth, let them 
make enquiry of those gentlemen whose names I have struck 
in ; examine the letters of the Rebels, and the recommenda- 
tions of the Officers who have been acquainted with me in 
person and with my services in the time of the late war. 

Although I have been exhibited from receiving any bene- 
fits from the laws of the State, all that I desire is to have the 
liberty of commanding 30000 men in favour of the British 
government. I flatter myself that there would be no doubt 
of my putting many of them to swing by the neck, for their 
honesty, as John White did, after stealing 150 horses in 
North Carolina. 



NOTES. 



Note 1. Page 1. 

Fleachall Thomas, should be Flctchall, as it is on page 3. He was a Colonel, 
and at the head of a considerable force of Loyalists in Soutli Carolina during the 
difBculties with the Cunninghams, in 1775 ; and signed the truce or treaty which 
was agreed upon between the Whigs and their opponents. After the surrender 
of Charleston, he was in commission under the crown. In 1783 his estate was 
confiscated. He appears to have been a person of much consideration in South 
Carolina, previous to the Revolution ; and to have been regarded as of rather 
doubtful or undecided politics, though the Whigs made him a member -of an im- 
portant standing committee, raised with the design of carrying out the views of 
the Continental Congress. 

The following letter to define his position is published by Gibbes : 



Faik Forest, Monday, July 24, 1775. 
HoNOKED Sir: 

I received yours dated the 14th ult. , wherein I am Informed, that many reports 
have been maliciously asserted against me to the Committee of this Province, 
which I can make appear to be false. I received a letter from Messrs. John 
Caldwell, John and James Williams, who is said to be committee men, dated the 
4th of this instant, requesting me to call my regiment together in order to sign the 
Association paper. Accordingly on the IStli of this instant, I did, in obedience to 
those gentlemen, and went to every Captains Company that was in the regiment, 
when drawn up, and requested Major Farry to read the paper to every company, 
which accordingly was done. I don't remember that one man offered to sign 
it, which was out of my power to compel them too ; but that it was agreed 
amongst the people in general to sign a paper of their own resolutions, and that 
application was made to Major Joseph Robinson, who was then present, to draw 
a paper of some resolves, wliieh the people in general did sign unto, from Savan- 
nah river to Broad river, which consisted of my regiment. Colonel Starlie's regi- 
ment, and apart of Colonel Savage's regiment. I must inform you, sir, there is 
some of our highland gentlemen who are very aspiring and fond of commission, 
thinking to get in favor with the gentlemen in town, will say anything but the 
truth, and when they are as well known in town as they are in the counti-y, I 
believe they will- be of my opinion. In fact we never had any representatives, 
not one man in fifty ever gave any vote for any such thing. Tou seem, sir, to 
intimate to me that I should have joined, but the thought of losing my commis- 
sion seem to deter me. As for my commissions, I care not who has them ; a man 

13 



[ 7^ J 



that is to be bought by a commission, is not worthy of one, althongh that is the 
price of many. I must say this in favor of myself, I never have concurred in 
those matters now in hand, knowing I was not calculated for such an enterprise ; 
but must inform yon, sir, I am heartily sorry that I am looked on as an enemy 
to my country. I wish you may have no greater reason to coniplain against 
some, that you little suspect, than you have against me. But, in the meantime, 
I must inform you, sir, I am resolved, and do utterly refuse to take up arms 
against my king, until I And it my duty to do otherwise and am fully convinced 
thereof 

I am sir your honor's most obedient and humble servant, 

Tho. Fletchail. 

Hon. H. Laukens. 

President Council of Safety. 

Fair Fokest, the residence of Colonel Fletchall, was in Union district, South 
Carolina. 

KABtiKN's Ceeek is a branch of Keedy Eiver ; and is in Laurens district, South 
Carolina. 

" There was a very gooH. pirspetearing Minister to call at the different places to 
preach and baptize children." 

From Gibbes Doc. History of South Carolina, we learn that the Rev. William 
Tenuent travelled through this region in company with Hon. W. H. Drayton at 
the request of the Committee of Safety of South Carolina. The one for the pur- 
poses seated by Fanning, the other to rouse the people to the cause of the 
colony. On the 21st Aug., 177.5, Mr. Tennent preached on Long Cane Creek 
" at one of Mr. Harris' preaching stands." This Journal says : " After the ser- 
mon, spoke as usual on the subject of my mission, was seconded by Mr. Harris 
and Mr. Salvador to good effect, returned to Mr. Reed's. 'The congregation was 
solemn and affected. Mr. Calhoun and other gentlemen returned with me, and 
spent the evening on subjects fit for the times." 

Tenneiit's Journal in Gibbes Doc. His. 1764r-'76, page 232. 

Mr. Tennent, was doubtless the very gooA prespetearing minister alluded to by 
Fanning. 
Mr. Salvador, called in Fanning's illiterate way Silredoor. 

Note 3. Page 3. 

O'Neal Henet, of South Carolina. Was in commission under the crown after 
the surrender of Charleston. His estate was confiscated. 

Note 3. Page 3. 

Bkown Thomas, of Augusta, Georgia. Having openly reviled the Whigs at a 
dinner party in 1775, he was arrested, tried, and condemned to be tarred and 
feathered, and publicly exposed in a cart, to be drawn three miles, or until he 
was willing to take an oath to espouse the cause .of the republicans. He chose 
the latter only to get off from a part of the punishment, for he soon joined the 
British army and was made Lieutenant Colonel. After the faU_ of Charleston 



[ 73 ] 



Brown was stationed at Augusta, and while coraniaudant at that place retaliated 
upon the Whigs, with a fierceness commensurate with his wrath. He sent out 
detachments to burn the dwellings of the patriots in his vicinity, and dispatched 
emissaries among the Indians to incite them to murder the inhahitants on the 
frontier. His authority for these atrocities was a letter which Cornwallis had 
sent to the commanders of all the British outposts, ordering that all those who 
had " taken part in the revolt should he punished with the utmost rigor and also 
that those who would not turn out should be imprisoned, and their whole prop- 
erty taken from them or destroyed." Every militiaman who had borne arms 
in the King's service, and afterwards joined the Whigs, was to be " immediately 
hanged." Brown fulfilled his order to the letter. Oflicers, soldiers and citizens 
were brought to the place of execution without being informed why they were 
taken out of prison. The morning after the receipt of this letter, five victims 
were taken from the jail by order of Col. Brown, all of whom expired on the 
gibbet. 

Note i. Page 3. 

Cunningham Robert, was an Irish settler in the district of Ninety-six, now 
Abbeville, where he was commissioned a judge in 1770. He incurred the dis- 
pleasure of the Whigs in 1775, when he disapproved of their proceedings in sus- 
taining the cause of Massachusetts, and in the adoption of the non-importation 
act. In the course of that year he was seized and imprisoned in Charleston. 
His brother, Patrick, assembled a body of friends in order to effect his release. 
The Whigs dispatched Major Williamson with a force to prevent the accom- 
plishment of their object; but Cunningham's party being superior, he was com- 
pelled to retreat. A truce or treaty was finally arranged, and both Whigs and 
Tories dispersed. In July of 1776, Robert Cunniugham was allowed his freedom 
without condition, and removed to Charleston. In 1780 he was created a 
Brigadier General, and placed in command of a garrison in South Carolina; but 
in 1781 was at the head of a force in the field, and encountered Sumter. His 
estate was eonflseated in 178'3. After the peace he petitioned to be allowed to 
continue in South Carolina. His request was refused, and he removed to 
Nassau, New Providence. The Britisli Government made him a liberal allow- 
ance for his losses, and gave him an annuity. He died in 1813, aged sixty-four 
years. 

Note 5. Page 3. 

Robinson Joseph. A native of South Carolina who held a royal commission 
after the capitulation of Charleston. His estate was confiscated. 

Note 6. Page 11. 

Cunningham William, of South Carolina, was known as " Bloody Bill," and 
there seems no little evidence to show that he deserved the appellation. He 
commanded a band of Tory marauders known as the "Bloody Scout," and for 
a while they spread terror throughout the region which they infested, embracing 
the Union and Spartanburg districts and also south of the Ennoree. At the 
commencement of the war he was inclined to be a Whig, accepted a military 



[ 74] 



commission and served in the campaign of 1776. Changing sides, he became 
an officer and a Major in the service of the Crown, and was engaged in many 
desperate exploits and hand to hand fights. The most active opponent of this 
scoundrel was William Beale of Ninety-Six. He formed a scouting party o£ 
Whigs and they soon became a terror to the Tories. On one occasion Cunning- 
ham and his party plundered the house of Beale's mother during his absence. 
On his return, Beale went in pursuit, and approaching Cunningham, the latter 
wheeled, and with a pistol shot Beale's. horse dead. On another occasion Cun- 
ningham and his party surrounded a house where Beale and a Whig were stay- 
ing. They heard the approach of the Tories, when rushing to their horses and 
rattling tlieir swords, Beale gave command as if to a troop. It was dark, and 
Cunningham, who had thirteen men with him, fled in great haste. 

Cunningham's property was confiscated in 1783, and at the close of the war he 
retreated to Florida. 

Colonel Mills, whose name appears in this connection, was taken prisoner at 
King's Mountain, and was one of the twelve Tories executed after the battle. 

Colonel Pickens, was the father of the late Governor Andrew Pickens, and 
grandfather of the present Governor Francis Pickens of South Carolina. 

Note 7. Page 13. 

De Petsteb Abraham, of New York. He was Captain in the New York 
volnuteers. At the battle .of King's Mountain he was second in command, and 
immediately after the fall of Major Ferguson hoisted a flag as a signal of surren- 
der. He was paid off on the morning of this battle, and his life was saved by a 
bullet striking a doubloon in the pocket of his vest. He went to St. John, N.B., 
at the peace, and received half pay. He was treasurer of the colony and a 
Colonel in the militia. He died about 1798. 

The action at Musgrove's Mill, on the Ennoree river, is thus mentioned by 
Lossing: "On the 18th of August, 1780, Col. Williams (who fell at King's 
Mountain a few weeks after), with Colonels Shelby and Clark, attacked quite a 
large body of British, under Colonel Innis and Major Fraser, near Musgrove's 
Mill, upon the Ennoree, in the northeastern corner of Laurens district. Many 
Tories were collected there, and were joined on the seventeenth by Innis and 
Fraser. The whole force was about three hundred strong, and were encamped 
upon the south side of the river, where they commanded a bad rocky ford. The 
Americans, whose force w4s much less, took post on the north side upon a small 
creek which empties into the Ennoree just below the Spartanburg line, about 
two miles above Musgrove's Mill. It was agreed that Williams should have the 
chief command. He drew up his little army in ambush, in a semicircle within 
a wood, and then proceeded to entice the enemy across the river. For this pur- 
pose he took a few picked men, appeared at the ford, and fired upon the enemy. 
The stratagem was successful. J.nnis immediately crossed the ford to dislodge 
the 'rebels.' Williams and his party retreated hotly pursued by Innis until 
within the area of the patriot ambuscade, when a single shot by Colonel Shelby 
gave the signal for attack. With a loud shout the concealed Americans arose, 
and in two minutes the Tories were completely surrounded. Colonel Innis was 
slightly wounded, but, with the larger part of his regulars, he escaped. Major 



' [ 75 J 



Fraser was killed with eighty-five others. Colonel Clary, the commander of the 
militia, escaped, but most of his men were made prisoners. The Americans lost 
four killed and eleven wounded." 

Note 8. Page 13. 

Ferguson Majok Patrick, was a Scotchman, a son of the eminent jurist, 
James Ferguson, and nephew of Patrick Murray (Lord Elibank). He entered 
the army in Flanders at the age of eighteen years. He came to America in the 
spring of 1777, and was active in the battle on the Brandywine, in September of 
that year. He was active on the Hudson in 1779, and accompanied Sir Henry 
Clinton to South Carolina. He invented an improvement in rifles, which was 
used with much effect. He so distingnished himself at the siege of Charleston 
in 1780, that he was particularly mentioned by the commander-in-chief. He was 
on the high road to military fame when he was slaiu at King's Mountain, 7th 
Oct., 1780. 

This defeat over the Royal arms was fatal to Lord Comwallis' first invasion of 
North Carolina. Fanning, it appears, was with Maj. Ferguson on the 2d Oct. on 
Ferguson's retreat from Gilberttown to King's Mountain. 

Col. Williams, whose name is mentioned in Note 7, fell in this battle. He 
was a native of Granville county, N. Carolina. He moved to S. Carolina in 1773. 
He early espoused the patriot cause. After the battle at Musgrove's Mill he 
raised a corps of cavali-y in N. Carolina, and returning to S. Carolina, continu- 
ally hovered around Ferguson's camp and watching his movements. He was 
near Major Ferguson, and both officers received their death-wounds at the same 
moment. He died on the morning after the battle, and was buried within two 
miles of the place where he fell. Tradition says his first words after reviving a 
little, soon after he was shot, were, "For God's sake, boys, don't give up the 
hill !" He had two sons, Daniel and Joseph, of the ages of fourteen and sixteen, 
in this battle, and both of them escaped unhurt, but were afterwards murdered 
in cold blood by a band of Tories under Eobert Cunningham, who had a personal 
conflict wjth their father and mother at the beginning of the revolution. 

Note 9. Page 14. 

His (Cornwallis) pursuing Gen'l Greene. For an interesting account of this 
pursuit, see the account in " Lossing's Field-Book of the Revolution," 2d volume, 
page 600 to 604. 

Charles, Eaiil of Cornwallis, was born in 1738. In his early career friendly 
to the cause of the colonists ; sent to America, and was in the battle of Brandy- 
wine, 1777; commanded at Camden, S. C, and defeated Gen'l Gates in 1780; 
also at Guilford, N. C, and defeated Gen'l Greene on loth March, 1781. Sur- 
rendered at Torktown with all his army to Washington, 19 Oct., 1781. Governor 
of East Indies in 1786. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in 1798. Governor-General 
of India iu 1804, and died at Ghazepoore 1805, leaving issue. 

The destruction of the Tories under Col'o Pyles by Col. Lee was complete. 
Caruthers, in his Revolutionary Incidents, or Old North State in 1776 (page 151), 
states that Fanning was with Piles on this occasion. This is an error. Fanning 
says himself that " at this time he was at Deep River." 



[ 76] 

Note 10. Page 14. 

Guilford. The battle of Guilford Court-House resulted in the defeat of the 
Americans. Although they had double the number of men commanded by 
CornwaUis, yet they were completely routed ; but the British did not triumph 
greatly over it, for,, when the news reached England, Fox moved in committee 
" That his Majesty's Ministers ought immediately to take every possible meas- 
ure for concluding peace with our AmericanColonies ;" and in debate he declared, 
" Another such victory will min the British army." The loss of the British was, 
in killed and wounded, over six hundred men, besides officers. That of the 
Americans about four hundred, and eight hundred and fifty of the Va. and N. C. 
Militia deserted. 

Note 11. Page 17. 

Hamilton, John. A native of Scotland. Previous to the Eevolution he was, 
for some years, a merchant in the town of Halifax, of much wealth, influence and 
sagacity. His Regiment was an important portion of Comwallis' forces in the 
campaigns of 1780 and 1781 ; and it may be well doubted whether any loyalist in 
any one of the Provinces served the crown throughout the entire period of the 
contest with equal ability, fidelity and effect. In 1779 his property was confis- 
cated. He was for many years after the Eevolution the British Consul at Nor- 
folk, Va. — See Lectures on Sen. Hist, of N. C, bySawks, Swain and Gfraham, pages 
131, 133. 

Dudley, Guilfokd, mentioned by Fanning on page 16, was bom in 1756, and 
resided at Halifax, where he claims to have assisted in raising, in 1774, the first 
volunteer company organized in America for the conflict. In 1776 he served in 
the campaign which terminated in the battle of Moore's Creek. He was in the 
battle of Camden, and bore from the field the gallant Col. Porterfield mortally 
wounded. He fought at Hobkirk's Hill, and^ continued in the service till the 
autumn of 1781. He married a niece of John Randolph, of Roanoke, and his 
son, Dr. J. B. Dudley, published a volume of the lettere of the great parliamen- 
tarian. For interesting autobiographical notices see papers published in the 
Southern Literary Messenger, voL 2, 144, 251, 281^70, by Charles Campbell. 

Note 13. Page 30. 

Ttirnek Eobekt. Sabine only says of him, that he was of Guilford county, 
N. C, and his property was confiscated in 1779. ' 

It is no less true than curious of the list of names presented by Fanning as 
his coadjutors in his dark and bloody acts, how few died natural deaths. The 
antiquarian researches of Gov. Swain, furnish the following particulars of their 
history. Fanning himself narrowly escaped the gibbet in 1800, for rape com- 
mitted in St. John, N. B. 

John Eains (Major) was alive in 1819 in Tennessee, a miller and very poor. 

EiOHARD Edwards was killed at Kirk's farm a week before the battle of Canei 
Creek. 

Edward Edwards, his brother, who succeeded to the command, was killed 
the next week at Lindley's Mills. 



[ 77] 



Mekdeth Edwards, Thomas Dark, Thomas Easteidge and Thomas Rick- 
ETTS were convicted of treason at Hillsboro in January, 1783, and executed. 

John Eains, Sr., was Icilled at Lindley's Mill. 

John Casle, or Eagle, hanged at Pee Dee. 

James Rice hanged at same place! 

David Jackson hanged in the lower end of Randolph. 

Stephen Walker was shot in April, 1783, by Col. Gholson on Deep River. 

James Lindley, Simon Lindlet, were shot in the mountains. 

Thomas Blaik settled on New River, built iron works, and became rich. 

John McLean (sober John), who had charge of Gov' r Burke when a prisoner, 
settled on the lower Cape Fear, near the Bluff Church, under the protection of 
his whig friend John Smith. 

Alexander McKat died a rich man in the West Indies. 

Capt. Daniel McNeill went to Nova Scotia. 

COL. Duncan Rat went to Nova Scotia. 

Peter Mallett. In regard to this gentleman (who is specially excepted 
with Fanning and Samuel Andrews in the act of 1783 of pardon and oblivion), 
his autobiography still extant, and other evidence, will show that he was the vic- 
tim of prejudice, arising from abuses in the commissary department to which he 
belonged. He was a man of intelligence and integrity. 

MoDuGALD Arch. Col. He is probably the Colonel McDougal who desired 
Fanning " not to insert in his narrative anything of his servessas, as he intended 
going back to North Carolina to live." It being well known that he went to 
Nova Scotia, where he remained five or six years, then to London, obtained a 
pension, and afterwards returned to North Carolina, where he lived to a good 
old age, raised a respectable family, and enjoyed the reputation of a generous, 
warm-hearted man. 

Note 13. Page 23. 

Camthers gives a graphic account of the attack by Fanning on Col. Alston, 
mentioned by him on page 37, in his interesting Revolutionary Incidents ; and 
the heroic conduct of Alston's wife, by whose solicitations Col. Alston's life and 
that of his men was spared. "The house," says Dr. Camthers, " stands now 
just as it did then, with the exception of some additions, and bears all the 
marks of war that it had when left by Fanning." "Dr. Chalmers now lives in 
the house which was then occupied by Col. Alston. Col. Alston lived only a 
short time after the war, having been killed by a negro whom he had treated 
with severity or provoked in some way." " Dr. Chalmers, two or three sum- 
mers ago, travelled through the State of Tennessee, and became acquainted with 
the sons of Col. Alston." 

Note 14. Page 30. . 

Leggett John. Was Captain in Col. Hamilton's Royal North Carolina Regi- 
ment. His property was confiscated in 1779, and purchased by General Harring- 
ton, who, though he had been greatly injured by him, generously conveyed the 
land to Leggett's wife and daughters. Leggett was with Fanning and others at 
St. Augustine in 1783, but subsequently returned to North Carolina. 



[ 78 ] 

Note 15. Page 33. 

McNeil Heotoe. In the first military elections after tlie Koyal Government 
was at an end, lie received a commission from the Whigs. But in 1776 he ap- 
peared in arms against them, and was taken prisoner and confined in jail ; sub- 
sequently he held the ranis of Colonel on the side of the crown, and commanded 
the Scotch forces under Fanning, when Gen. Burke was captured on the 13th 
(or according to contemporaneous records, the 13th) of September, 1781. He is 
represented to have been a man of good moral character, and as brave as a lion. 
He fell at the head of his command a day or two after the capture of Hills- 
borough, at the battle of Cane Creek, pierced by five or six balls. 

Mebane. This family is still numerous in Orange, Caswell, Guilford, and 
other counties in North Carolina ; and branches of it have pei-vaded and popu- 
lated the States of Tennessee, Kentucky, Indiana, Arkansas, Louisiana and 
Texas. It is distinguished for patriotism, integrity and strong common sense. 
The common ancestor was Alexakdeb, who was a native of Ireland, and who 
emigrated to Pennsylvania long before our revolution, where he remained sev- 
eral years. He moved to North Carolina, and settled in the Haw fields, in 
Orange county. He was skillful and persevering in his business, and acquired 
considerable wealth. 

When the Eevolution broke out, he, with his eons, took a decided stand for 
liberty, for which the British and Tories committed great depredations upon his 
property. He was too old himself for service, but his sons, six, were all in the 
service of the country. 

I. William was a Captain of Militia, member of the Senate in 1783, twice 
married, 1st to Miss Abercrombie, and 3d to a daughter of Eev'd Benjamin 
Rainy ; no issue by either. 

II. Egbert, the person alluded to by Fanning, a Colonel In the Continental 
Army, was with Gen'l Rutherford in 1776, in " snowy campaign" against " the 
Overhill Cherokees," remarkable for his athletic and large person, in many bat- 
tles and skirmishes with the British and Tories, and distinguished for valour at 
the battle of Cane Creek, where he attacked and defeated Fanning. On his way 
from the Cape Fear country, he was killed by Henry Hightower, a noted Tory 
and horse-thief. Dr. John A. Mebane, of Greensboro, has his sword, taken from 
a British officer. 

III. Alexander, born in Pennsylvania, 36th Nov. 1744, active in the cause of 
liberty. Commissary at Hillsboro, when Cornwallis took the town, and narrowly 
escaped on foot, losing a valuable mare, saddle, bridle, holsters and pistols ; mem- 
ber of the Convention or Congress that met at Halifax, Dec. 1776, to fonn the 
Constitution of N. C, and of the Convention at Hillsboro, that rejected the Fed- 
eral Constitution. Member of House of Commons, in 1783, with some intermis- 
sions, till 1791. Elected by the Legislature Brigadier-General. In 1793, elected 
a member of Congress, and served in Philadelphia. Re-elected to Congress, but 
died before the session, 5th July, 1795. Twice married,, 1st Mary Armstrong, by 
whom he had twelve children (four sons and eight daughters), and 3d Elizabeth 
Kinchen, by whom he had six children (five sons and one daughter). Of tliese 
James Mebane late of Yanceyville (father of Giles Mebane, Esq., now of Ala- 
mance), the first President of the Dialectic Society, who have his portrait in their 



[ 79] 



hall at Chapel Hill, is one. William Mebane, late of Mason Hall (father of Dr. 
Alexander W. Mebane, late of Bertie county), was another, and Dr. John A. 
Mebane, now of Greensboro, is another. 

IV. John, late of Chatham, was a Captain in tlie Revolutionary war, in the 
cause of bis country. When Fanning took Hillsboro, be was talcen with the 
Governor, Thomas Burke, William Kinchen and others, by Fanning, and carried 
to Wilmington; thence he was taken to Charleston, long confined there as pris- 
oner, and suffered extrem.ely from the heat, filth and privation. 

Member of Legislature with intervals from.lVgO to 1811. Married Elizabeth, 
widow of William Kinclien, his fellow-prisoner. A son, John Briggs Mebane, 
was in the Legislature in 1813, and a daughter married Thomas Hill, of Rocking- 
ham county. 

V. James was an active ofBcer of the Revolution, married Margaret Allen, by 
whom he left a large family. 

VI. David, the youngest, was not old enough to do much service in tlie war 
until near the close. He served two tours in the militia. He represented Orange 
county in the House of Commons in 1808,-9 and 10; twice married; 1st Miss 
Allen, and 3d Mrs. Young, of Caswell. Geo. A. Mebane, postmaster and mer- 
chant of Mason Hall, and a large family of children, still bear his name. 

Note 16. Page 37. 
Fanning Edwakd, Honorable, of North Carolina. Was a native of Long 
Island, New Toi-k, son of Col. Phineas Fanning. He was educated at Tale Col- 
lege, and graduated with honor in 1757. He soon afterwards went to North Caro- 
lina and began the profession of a lawyer at Hillsborough, then called Childs- . 
borough. In 1760 the degree of LL. D. was conferred upon him by his alma mater. 
In 1763 he was appointed Colonel of Orange county, and in 1765 was made clerk of 
the Superior Court at Hillsborough. He also represented Orange county in the 
Colonial Legislature. In common with other crown officers, he appears to have 
exacted exorbitant fees for legal services, and consequently incurred the dislike 
of the people, which was finally manifested by acts of violence. He accompanied 
Governor Tryon to New York in 1771 as his secretary. Governor Martin asked 
the Legislature to indemnify Colonel Fanning for his losses ; the representatives 
of the people rebuked the Governor for presenting such a petition. In 1776 
General Howe gjive Fanning the commission of Colonel, and he raised and com- 
manded a corps called the Kim/'x American Begiment of Foot. He was afterwards 
appointed to the lucrative office of Surveyor-General, which he retained until 
his flight, with other Loyalists, to Nova Scotia in 1783. In 1786 he was made 
Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia, and in 1794 he was appointed Govefnor of 
Prince Edward's Island. He held the latter office about nineteen years, a part of 
which time he was also a Brigadier in the British army, having received his com- 
mission in 1808. He died in London in 1818. He was in no way related to 
Daniel Fanning, and though a man of more extensive attainments and imposing 
address, had less ability than his bold bad namesake. 

Note 17. Page 37. 
King's Americans. This is the body of soldiers alluded to in the preceding 
note as the " King's American Regiment of Foot," of Lossing's Field-Book, and 

14 



[80 J 



as the " Associated Eefugees, or King's American Regiment," of Sabine's Loy- 
alists. Tlie "letter" mentioned in the text is one of the omissions mentioned 
in the preface. 

Note 18. Page 40. 

Jackson David. Captain of a corps of Loyalists: was talien prisoner by 
Colonel Caswell at Moore's Creek in 1776. 

Note 19. Page 49. 

"Hand and arm." Governor Martin's proclamation of the 2.5th of Decem- 
ber preceding (page 40) conclndes, " Given under my hand and seal of arms at 
Halifax." Fanning, in imitation of tlie Governor, either through ignoi-ince or 
intention, says, " given under my Jiand ajid arm as aforesaid." 

Note 20. Page .50. 

"There was." The word "no" is evidently omitted here, as Col. Balfour cer- 
tainly meant to say, " There was no resting place for a Tory's foot upon the 
eart'a." 

Balfour Andrew, was born in Edinburgli, Scotland, of respectable parent- 
age. He arrived in America in 1773, and settled at Newport, Khode Island. 
In 1777 he went to Charleston, South Carolina, and engaged in making salt. He 
removed to Salisbury, Nortli Carolina, in 1778, and purcliased or obtained lands 
in Randolph county. He was a member of the Ld^slatnre from this county in 
1780. Sucli was his activity in the cause of his adopted country, that he was 
taken prisoiier in the fall of this year (1780), with Jacob Shepard, father of the 
Hon. Augustine H. Shepard, by a party of Tories under the command of Col. 
Coulsou. When carrying them as prisonei's to Cheraw they were released by 
Captain Cliilds, from Montgomery county. He returned to his liome, when his 
house was attaelied by Fanning, and he was cruelly murdered by Fanning, his 
daughter and sister clinging to him in despair, on Sunda}', lOtli March, 1782. 
His widow, who came to North Carolina after liis death, Dec., 1784, was mucli 
respected, and held tlie office of Post Master at Salisljury nntil 1825, discharg- 
ing its duties with great fidelity and acceptability. Her son Andrew married 
Mary Henly, and had nine cliiidren (five sons and four daugliters), all of whom 
removed to the west except Mrs. Eliza Drake, wife of Col. Drake, of Ashboro. 
His daughter Tibby married John "Troy, who had three children : John Balfour 
Troy, now of Randolph eo., Margaj-et, who died in Davidson county in 1813, and 
Rachel, who married Lewis Beard, now in the west His tliird and remaining 
child, Margaret, married Hudson Hughes, of Salisbury, who had two daugliters, 
one t>f whom married Samuel Reeves, of Salisbury. 

Note 21. Page 61. 

Sir Gut Cari.eton, Commander-in-Chief Guy Cafleton, afterwards Lord 
Dorchester, was Wolfs quartermaster at the storming of Quebec, and was 
appointed a Major in the British army in 1773. In 1774 he was constituted Cap- 
tain General and Governor of Quebec or Canada. He successfully commanded 



[ 81 1 



tliu British at Quebec when attacked by Mouttfumei'j' iu 1775, compelled the 
Americans foi-aise the siege in 1776, and drove them out of the province. In 
October he recaptured Crown Point. He was unjustly superseded in military 
command by Burgoyne in 1777. He was appointed to succeed SirHenn- Clinton 
in 1783, and was in command of the British troops when they evacuated New 
Torlc, on the 2.5th of November, 1783. He died in England at the close of 1808, 
aged 83 years. 

Note 22. Page 61. 

Colonel Ballingall, was in commission under the Crown in South Caro- 
lina after the sureender of Charleston, in 1780. He was an addresser of Sir 
Henry Clinton in 1780, and willing to take up arms in behalf of the Crown. 

Note 33. . Page 61. 

Williams Robert, was banished and attainted, and his estate confiscated, in 
1785. 

Note 34. Page 63. 

Gailliakd John. John and Theodore Gailliard were both members of the 
Provincial Congress of North Carolina in 1775, when they were probably Whigs. 
In 1780, they held commission under the erown. 

Note 35. Page 63. 

Greenwood, Major Wm., of Charleston, South Carolina, was an addresser of 
Sir Henry Clinton, in 1780, and a petitioner to be armed on the side of the Crown. 
He was banished and his property confiscated in 1783. 

Note 36. Page 63. 

Caper Major Gabriel, was a conspicuous member of the Provincial Con- 
gress of South Carolina, in 1775. 

Note 37. Page 63. 

Hopton John, a merchant of Charleston. His property was confiscated, for 
which lie was partially remunerated. He died in 1831. 

Note 38. Page 63. 

Millar Andrew, a respectable Scotch merchant in Halifax. He was a friend 
and correspondent of Governor Burke before the revolution. Several letters of 
his are in the archives of the Historical Society of the Univei-sity of North Caro- 
lina. His property was confiscated in 1779. 

Note 29. 

Carson Wm., of South Carolina, went to London during the war, and signed 
an address to the King in 1779. 








INDEX 



ALSTON, Philip, 21, 46, (note 13). 
Autrey, Abs., 20. 
Andrews, Samuel, 23, 

(specially excepted in act of obli- 
vion,) 10. 

BALFOUR, Col., 17, 29, 

killed, 51, 

(for sketch of, see note 20.) 
Bancroft, Geo., xvii. 
Bliss, Porter C, xvi. 
Brown, Thomas, 2. 
Big Cane Break, 3. 
Burns, John, % 46. 
Brown, Samuel, 6. 
Daniel, 20. 
Wm., 21. 
Bird, Rich'd, 19. 
Burke, Gov'r, (taken by Panning,) 

33, 52. 
Butler, Qen'l, 33, 34, 49. 
Bryan, Capt. John, (Rebel, killed, his 

heroism, 51.) 
Ballingall, Col., 61, (see note 22.) 
Bryan, Sam'l, 62. 
Baron, Dr., 62. 
Blair, Thomas, (see note 12.) 

CUNNINGHAM, William, xi, 11 ; 

for biography of, see note 6. 

Robert, 2, 12 ; 
for biography of, see note 4. 
Cherokee Indians, 3, 4. 
Cornwallis,. Lord, 13, 14, 15, 

(for sketch of, see note 9.) 



Chatham Court House, 15, 23. 
Cross Creek, (now Fayetteville,) 15. 
Coxe's Mill, 15, 28, 29. 
Collier, Col., 17, 51. 
Craigg, Maj., 18, 36, 37, 38. 
Currie, Jos., 20, 41, 42, 43, 50. 
Carr, AVilliam, 20, (married,) 56. 
Cagle, or Cayle, John, 21, 49, see 

note 12. 
Cage, Wm., 29, 30. 
Cane Creek, battle of, 33. 
Campbell, Charles, 37. 

Alexander, 64. 
Coxe, Capt., (house burnt,) 41. 
Clark, A., 46. 
Colston, Capt., 47. 
Capers, Gabriel, 62, note 26. 
Champniss, John, 62. 
Cassels, Col., 62. 
Carson, "Wm., 62, note 29. 
Caswell, Rich'd, 70. 
Carleton, Sir Guy, note 21. 

DARK, Thomas, 20, see note 12. 

Samuel, 20. 
Depister, Capt, 13, see note 7. 
Deep River, 13, 14, 15, 16. 
Duck, Capt., 14. 

Dixon's Mill, on Cane Creek, 14. 
Dudly, Col., 16, 17; for sketch of, 

see note 11. 
Donnelly, Thos., 19. 
Deaton, Wm., 20. 
Dunn, Wm., 21. 
Drowning Creek, battle of, 31. 



[ 84] 



Dawson, James, 37. 

Dugen, Maj., 51, (letter from, 54.) 

Dupont, Col., 6i. 

Dawkins, Geo., 64. 

Dundass, Thos., 69. 

ELWOOD, "Wm., 17. 
Ellett, James, 20. 
Thos., 20. 
Erwin, John, 20. 
Edwards, Eich'd, 21. 

Meriday, 21 ; 
hung, see note 12. 

Edw., 21, see note 12. 
Estwick, Thomas, 21. 
KdgehiU, Thomas, 62. 
Eastridge, Thos., see note 12. 

FANNING, David, ix, x, xi, 

13, 18, 32, 33, 42, 49, et passim. 
William, 21. 

Hon. Edmond, see note 16. 
Fletohall, Thomas, 1, 2, 3 ; 

biography and letter of, see note 1. 
Fair, Capt., 9. 
Ferguson, Patrick, 13, 22 ; 

for biography of, see note 8. 
Fincannon, Wm., 19. 
Fairforest, see note 1. 



Hillis, Wm., 20. 
Hunsuoker, Wm., 20. 
Hoocker, Wm., 20. 35 ; 

married, 56, and shot. 
Holloway, Stephen,' 21. 
Hancock, Wm., 21. 
Hodge, Jos., 21. 
Hinds, Capt., 47. 

Hunter, Andrew, escape of, with Fan- 
ning's mare, 59 ; 

letter from, 59, 60 ; 

refused five negroes for the mare, 62. 
Hopton, John, 62, note 27. 
Hunter, Peter, 67. 

INNIS, Col, 12. 
Isaacs, Col., 39, 40, 41. 
Inglis, Thos., 62. 

JACKSON, David, 40 ; hung, 52 ; see 

notes 12, 18. 
Johnston, Rob't, 62. 
James, 61. 

KING, Wm., 20. 

Kendrick, Martin, 21. 

Knowles, Maj., rebel, killed, 35. 

Knight, Capt., 35. 

Kennedy, Capt., taken by Fanning, 38. 



GILLIAN, Capt., 8. 
Greene, Gen'l, 14. 
GuttreU, Col., 35. 
Gholston, Wm., Capt., 53, 54 ; 

house burnt, 41. 
Griffith, Major Roger, letter from, 53. 
Guin, Edward, Capt., letter of, 54, 55. 
Gailliard, John, 62, see note 24. 
Greenwood, Wm., 62, note 25. 
Gray, CoL, 62. 

HAMILTON, Col. John, 13, 17, 62, 
64, 66, (for sketch, see note 11.) 
Hastings, John, 21. -. 

Hendrick's MiU, 3. 
Hinds, Capt. John, 15. 



LATHAM, Cornelius, 19. 
Lindley, James, 1, see note 12. 

Wm., 20. 
Little River, 3. 
Lee, Col., 14. 

Leggett, Capt, 30, 64, 67, note 14. 
Lindsey's Mill, on Cane Creek, 

battle of, 33, 34. 
Luttrell, Col., killed at battle of Oane 

Creek, 35. 
Lindly, Capt., 35; killed, 46. 
Lopp, Capt., 38. 
Leslie, Gen'l, 57. 

MAUNEP, John, 21. 
Murphy, Judge, xvii. 



[ 85] 



McBride, Arch., Hon., xvii. 
MoDugald, Arch., xviii, 23, 32, 34, 37. 
Mills, Col., 1, see note 6. 
Musgrove's Mill, 12; 

battle of, see note T. 
MePherson, "Wm., 20. 
McDowell, Thomas, 21. 
Mclver, Alex., 21. 
Martin, Murdock, 21. 
McLoud, "Wm., 21. 

Alex'r, 21. 
McKnight, "Wm., 21. 
MoFaUs' Mill, 31. 
McNeal, Hector, 31, 32, 33, 31, 

see note 15. 
McKay, Arch., 34, 37, 68, note 12. 

Malcolm, 37. 
Mebane, Bobt., at Cane Creek battle, 
34, see note 15. 

William, see note 15. 

Alexander, see note 15. 

John, see note 1 5. 

James, see note 15. 

David, see note 15. 
McCi:aw, Alex., 37. 
McDonald, Dau'l, 37.^ 
Martin, Gov'r, proclamation of, 39. 
Maurice, Jacob, 49. 
Millar, Andrew, 62, note 28. 
McNeil, Dan'l, 64. 
Mclnais, .Neil, 65. 
Mallett, ?eter, 70, note 12. 
McLean, John, note 12. 

NINETY-SIS, Fort, 2, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12. 
Nelson, Ab'm, 21. 
Niss, Henry, 68. 



Peles, "Wm., 20. 
Price, "Wm., 21, 49. 
Phillips, Stephen, 21. 

Col., 62. 
Paisley, Col., 29. 
Pearce, Winsor, 44. 
Powell, Eob't "Wm., 62. 
Pearson, Col., 62. 
Pemberton, J., 69. 

RABURN'S Creek, a branch of Reedy 
River, Laurens district S. C, 1, 
4, 5, 6. 
Eapely, a Jew, 1. 
Fvobinson, Maj. Jos., 3. 
Reedy, River, 3, 4. 
Ritchie, Capt, 4. 
Rogers, Capt. John, 4. 
Rutledge, Gov., 11. 
Ramsey's Mill, 15. 

Rains, John, 19, 23, 29, 34, 49, 59, 
see note 12. 

"Wm., 19, 35, 49. 

Geo., 19, 23, 35. 

Robt, 19. 

James, 20. 
Robens, Michael, 20. 
Ramsour, Henry, 20. 
Rutherford, Gen'l, 30. 
Robertson, Capt., 30. 
Ramsay, William, 42, 43, 44. 

Matthew, 44, 45. 
Rosur, Jos., 53. 
Robertson, Charles, 65. 
Ricketts, Thomas, see note 12. 
Rice, James, note 12. 
Ray, Duncan, note 12. 



O'NEAL, Hugh, a tory, 2. 
Col., 30. 

PARIS, or Parrish, Rich'd, 2, 5, 11, 

12, 13. 
Parrish's plantation, 4. 
Pickens, Col., 12, see note 6. 
Pyles, CoL 14. 



SILVEDOOR, Rev'd Mr., 1. 

(Salvador, see note 1.) 
Smith, Capt., 5. 

Samuel, 6. 
Salisbury, 7. 
Spinks, John, 19. 
Shields, Benj., 20. 

Reuben. 21. 



-[ 86 J 



Smith, Fred., 20. 
Adam, 20. 
Smally, Abner, 21, 49. 
Slingsb.v, Col, 30, 31. 
Stinson, Capt., 40. 

Starke, E., speaker of house of com- 
mons, 70. 

TORE, Capt. John, 5, 6. 
Tiger River, 6. 
Turner, Rob'l, 20. 

Thompson, a Rebel, taken by Fan- 
ning, 42. 
Thompson, Balaam, 46. 
Tennent, Rev'd Wm., note 1. 

VEITTS, Rev'd Roger, xviil. 



WALKER, Stephen, 20, 42, 43, 50, 

see note 12. 
"Williams, Col., xi, 11, 12. 
"Williamson, Gen'l, 12. 
"Wollaston, Ebenezer, 19, 34. 
"Wade, Col., 31. 
"Watson, John, 37. 

"Williams, Jas., 42, 43, 44, 46, 47, 55. 
"Williams, Capt., 52. " 
"Wilson, Jos., 58. 

"Williams, Edw'd, letter to Fanning, 
60. 
Rob't, 61, see note 23. 
"Wells, Dr. Wm. Charles, 62. 
"Whitley, Moses, 64. 
"Whisunpiint, Philip, 65. 
"Williams, Col., see note 8. 



ERR ATA. 



To present a truthful portraiture of the man and the times, it was proper to 
printjiis Journal precisely as he wrote it himself. The orthography is not less 
faulty in the use of proper names than in general words. A few corrections 
may be proper, to identify the persons to whom he refers. 

On page 12, 26th line, Musgrovi Mills should be Musgrove. 
On page 13, Forgesson should be Ferguson. 

On page 17, 29th line, Elwood should be Elrod. Col. Elrod's humanity ren- 
dered him obnoxious to Fanning. — See Caruthers' Old North State, vol. 1, 175. 
On page 35, 11th fine, Col. Guttrell should be Luttrell. 

On page 60, 26tli line, Garner should be Gainey, a famous Tory leader in S. C. 
On page 70, 10th line, Starke should be Starkey. 

The reader will readily correct the following : 

On page xiv, L. D. Swain should be printed D. L. 

On page 2 1, Maunep should be Mauney. 

On page 5, Tork should be York. 

On page 65, "WUisunpunt should be "Whisenhunt 



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